Document Title: =============== Telegram (API) - Cross Site Request Forgery Vulnerabilities References (Source): ==================== http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1648 Release Date: ============= 2016-01-17 Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID): ==================================== 1648 Common Vulnerability Scoring System: ==================================== 3.2 Product & Service Introduction: =============================== Telegram is a cloud-based instant messaging service that focusses on privacy and multi-platform availability. Telegram clients exist for both mobile (Android, iOS, Windows Phone, Ubuntu Touch) and desktop systems (Windows, OS X, Linux). Users can send messages and exchange photos, videos, stickers and files of any type up to 1.5 GB in size. Telegram also provides optional end-to-end encrypted messaging with self-destruct timers. Telegram is run by Telegram Messenger LLP and backed by Russian entrepreneur Pavel Durov. Its client-side code is open-source software, whereas its server-side code is closed-sourced and proprietary. The service also provides APIs to independent developers. (Copy of the Homepage: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Telegram_%28software%29 ) Abstract Advisory Information: ============================== An indepndent vulnerability laboratory researcher discovered multiple client-side vulnerabilities and a filter bypass issue in the official Telegram (API) for app developers. Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline: ================================== 2015-11-17: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Amer Lawrence) 2015-11-18: Vendor Notification (Telegram Security Team) 2016-01-17: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory) Discovery Status: ================= Published Affected Product(s): ==================== Telegram Messenger LLP Product: Telegram (API) - App Developers 2015 Q4 Exploitation Technique: ======================= Remote Severity Level: =============== Medium Technical Details & Description: ================================ Multiple cross site request forgery web vulnerabilities has been discovered in the official Telegram (API) for app developers. The vulnerability allows to unauthorized execute application functions in connection with client-side performed malicious requests. Attackers can start Cross site request forgery attack against the auth mechanism of the telegram api development to inject a customized android,ios,... app configuration on any telegram api developer user. By send malicious link contenting an html code responsible for these changes without an access token to protect developers from these attacks. The impact of the bug is leaving web application without protection of an access token. Thus allows an attacker to perform these type of attacks doing unwanted actions in the user settings. The security risk of the cross site request forgery web vulnerabilities are estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.2. Exploitation of the csrf vulnerabilities requires no privileged iOS system user account and low or medium user interaction. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in unauthorized execution of system specific functions by client-side performed requests to compromise the telegram api dev accounts. Proof of Concept (PoC): ======================= The cross site request forgery web vulnerabilities can be exploited by a remote attacker without privileged web-application user account and low or medium user interaction. For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue. PoC: Video https://vimeo.com/145911184 (password:vuln4safe) PoC: #1 CSRF for adding android app or any one else as requested ...
PoC: #2 Html code to save the API or changed it ...
Note. This CSRF issue is combined by two folloup request to execute successful function with a not expired session by click. Reference(s): https://my.telegram.org/apps Solution - Fix & Patch: ======================= The vulnerability can be patched by implementation of a secure cookie or access token that protects the important online-service functions. Setup a csrf token and implement a secure exception to prevent cross site exploitation. Restrict the input and disallow special chars. Security Risk: ============== The security risk of the cross site request forgery web vulnerabilities in the offical telegram api for app developers is estimated as medium. (CVSS 3.2) Credits & Authors: ================== Lawrence Amer - ( http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Lawrence%20Amer ) Disclaimer & Information: ========================= The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any vendor licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with fraud/stolen material. Domains: www.vulnerability-lab.com - www.vuln-lab.com - www.evolution-sec.com Contact: admin@vulnerability-lab.com - research@vulnerability-lab.com - admin@evolution-sec.com Section: magazine.vulnerability-db.com - vulnerability-lab.com/contact.php - evolution-sec.com/contact Social: twitter.com/#!/vuln_lab - facebook.com/VulnerabilityLab - youtube.com/user/vulnerability0lab Feeds: vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss.php - vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss_upcoming.php - vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss_news.php Programs: vulnerability-lab.com/submit.php - vulnerability-lab.com/list-of-bug-bounty-programs.php - vulnerability-lab.com/register/ Any modified copy or reproduction, including partially usages, of this file requires authorization from Vulnerability Laboratory. Permission to electronically redistribute this alert in its unmodified form is granted. All other rights, including the use of other media, are reserved by Vulnerability-Lab Research Team or its suppliers. All pictures, texts, advisories, source code, videos and other information on this website is trademark of vulnerability-lab team & the specific authors or managers. To record, list (feed), modify, use or edit our material contact (admin@vulnerability-lab.com or research@vulnerability-lab.com) to get a permission. Copyright © 2015 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution Security GmbH]™ # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-01-31]