[+] Credits: John Page aka HYP3RLINX [+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org [+] Source: http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/WEBCALENDAR-V1.2.7-PHP-CODE-INJECTION.txt [+] ISR: ApparitionSec Vendor: ========================== www.k5n.us/webcalendar.php Product: ================== WebCalendar v1.2.7 WebCalendar is a PHP-based calendar application that can be configured as a single-user calendar, a multi-user calendar for groups of users, or as an event calendar viewable by visitors. MySQL, PostgreSQL, Oracle, DB2, Interbase, MS SQL Server, or ODBC is required. WebCalendar can be setup in a variety of ways, such as... A schedule management system for a single person A schedule management system for a group of people, allowing one or more assistants to manage the calendar of another user An events schedule that anyone can view, allowing visitors to submit new events A calendar server that can be viewed with iCalendar-compliant calendar applications like Mozilla Sunbird, Apple iCal or GNOME Evolution or RSS-enabled applications like Firefox, Thunderbird, RSSOwl, FeedDemon, or BlogExpress. Vulnerability Type: ====================== PHP Code Injection CVE Reference: ============== N/A Vulnerability Details: ===================== Since WebCalendars install script is not removed after installation as there is no "automatic" removal of it, low privileged users can inject arbitrary PHP code for the "Database Cache" directory value as no input validation exists for this when a user installs the application using the WebCalendar walk thru wizard. If WebCalendars installation script is available as part of a default image, often as a convenience by some hosting providers, this can be used to gain code execution on the target system. The only item that is required is the user must have privileges to authenticate to the MySQL Database and to run the install script. So, users who have install wizard access for the WebCalendar application will now have ability to launch arbitrary system commands on the affected host. One problem we must overcome is WebCalendar filters quotes " so we cannot use code like However, we can defeat this obstacle using the all to forgotten backtick `CMD` operator!. e.g. */?> This results in "settings.php" being injected like... readonly: false user_inc: user.php use_http_auth: false single_user: false # end settings.php */ ?> Exploitation steps(s): ===================== 1) Login to the WebCalendar Installation Wizard. 2) When you get to WebCalendar Installation Wizard Step 2 of the install script. http://localhost/WebCalendar-1.2.7/WebCalendar-1.2.7/install/index.php?action=switch&page=2 3) Click "Test Settings" button to ensure connection to the Database. 4) Enter below PHP code for the "Database Cache Directory:" input fields value to pop calculator for POC (Windows). */?> 5) Click "Next" button 6) Click "Next" button 7) Click "Save settings" button BOOOOOOOM! "settings.php" gets overwritten and injected with our PHP code. If you happen to get following error when clicking "Test Settings" button, "Failure Reason: Database Cache Directory does not exist", just click back button then forward or just "Test settings" button again to try get past the error. Disclosure Timeline: =============================== Vendor Notification: No Replies July 4, 2016 : Public Disclosure Severity Level: ================ 8.0 (High) CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H [+] Disclaimer The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise. Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory, provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the information contained herein and accepts no responsibility for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author prohibits any malicious use of security related information or exploits by the author or elsewhere. # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-07-26]