Source: The NvStreamKms.sys driver calls PsSetCreateProcessNotifyRoutineEx to set up a process creation notification routine. In this particular routine, if ( cur->image_names_count > 0 ) { // info_ is the PPS_CREATE_NOTIFY_INFO that is passed to the routine. image_filename = info_->ImageFileName; buf = image_filename->Buffer; if ( buf ) { if ( !v5 ) { i = 0i64; num_chars = image_filename->Length / 2; // Look for the filename by scanning for backslash. if ( num_chars ) { while ( buf[num_chars - (unsigned int)i - 1] != '\\' ) { i = (unsigned int)(i + 1); if ( (unsigned int)i >= num_chars ) goto LABEL_39; } buf += num_chars - (unsigned __int64)(unsigned int)i; } LABEL_39: v26 = (unsigned int)i; wcscpy_s((wchar_t *)Dst, i, buf); Dst[v26] = 0; wcslwr((wchar_t *)Dst); v5 = 1; wcscpy_s is used incorrectly here, as the second argument is not the size of |Dst|, but rather the calculated size of the filename. |Dst| is a stack buffer that is at least 255 characters long. The the maximum component paths of most filesystems on Windows have a limit that is <= 255 though, so this shouldn't be an issue on normal filesystems. However, one can pass UNC paths to CreateProcessW containing forward slashes as the path delimiter, which means that the extracted filename here can be "a/b/c/...", leading to a buffer overflow. Additionally, this function has no stack cookie. e.g. CreateProcessW(L"\\\\?\\UNC\\\\DavWWWRoot\\..../..../..../blah.exe", ... Crashing context with my PoC (Win 10 x64 with 372.54): NvStreamKms+0x1c6a: fffff801`5c791c6a c3 ret kd> dqs rsp ffffd000`25bc5d18 00410041`00410041 kd> t ... KMODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED (1e) ... FAULTING_IP: NvStreamKms+1c6a fffff800`5b1d1c6a c3 ret To reproduce, a WebDAV server is required (can be localhost), and the WebClient service needs to be started (start can be triggered by user without additional privileges). Then, run setup to create the long path to the target executable (you'll need to change the base directories), and then run poc_part1, and then poc_part2 (with the right UNC path) on the target machine. Proofs of Concept: # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-11-04]